Usually, with proper care and a well-chosen place for planting hazel, the plant gives enough fruit. But often there are factors that contribute to the inhibition of the plant, and therefore there is a serious decline in productivity. Today will consider all the possible causes of such a disaster.
Hazel does not bear fruit due to weather conditions
At the moment, we do not consider suitable and inappropriate regions, but take weather conditions during pollination of the plant as the main factor. It often happens that, by chance, the weather deteriorates sharply at the moment when pollination should occur. Pollen gets wet, washed off by rain down to the ground and does not fall into place. As a result, you get only a few fruits, even on a large and adult bush.
Hazel agricultural technology implies the proper rationing of fertilizers. This is just the case when it is better not to feed the plant, if you do not know exactly what fertilizers for hazel are needed. It is even possible, as with many vegetables, that there are no fruits on the hazel tree due to an overdose of nitrogen. The shrub grows, flaunts greenery and growth, but the ovary does not work at all. Try to feed hazel correctly, perhaps this is the reason.
Single hazel planting
Hazel self-pollinates, as it is a monoecious plant. But all the same, it is most correct to plant a bush not alone, but in small colonies, say, 3-5 bushes. In a walnut forest grove there is never a problem with the harvest, but because here we see a strict pattern.
Self-pollination is good, but when everything is in order with the earrings and the weather allows the process to occur qualitatively. But in view of force majeure situations, it would be better to have several plants on the site, and there will be more nuts from them!
Winter hazel freezing
The problem is often hidden in the freezing of hazel, as in winter we have quite severe weather. Of course, local shrubs have long adapted and somehow managed to cope with the crop, but there are many examples of the influence of weather on the crop. For example, in Italy, with a decrease in temperature in winter of only -10 ° C, hazelnut yields fell by 30%, in Turkey, when this happened, almost half!
It is possible to deal with weather conditions, but it is very difficult. It will be necessary to press the hazel branches to the ground and sprinkle them with snow, cut the shrub to form new branches so that the old ones do not break in this way. In addition, it is correct to work with covering material, perhaps even wrap the plant for the winter.
Improper hazel care
You can also blame the insufficiently skilled agricultural technology of the plant, but we do not know how you care for the hazel, and therefore we can’t just say that.
It is quite realistic that the bush does not cut, is not watered, is not fertilized correctly. Set these modes and the situation will be corrected.
What is needed for abundant fruiting of hazel
There are many ways that will help increase the fruiting of hazel in the country, but remember that a huge role is played by factors that you have no influence on. These are the same weather conditions, general climate, groundwater, etc.
So what can you advise on this? How to increase the number of fruits on a hazel?
This plant prefers more sunny than shaded places, although it grows normally in partial shade, where there is a minimum of sunlight. The requirement for the territory is very serious, so you should not create dense plantings of hazel.
You must also choose the right place - warm, without drafts and stagnation of cold air in the spring.
Hazel planting time
If you just decided to plant hazel in the country, try to do it in the autumn. If the root system is weak, there may be problems, but in the case when the hazel manages to take root in the winter, it actively grows in the spring, gaining strength.
Selection of adapted seedlings
Often we say that adapted planting material is the best option. This applies to trees, shrubs, various ornamental plants. It often happens that even a plant whose homeland is thousands of kilometers from the planting site normally develops in the local climate. Perhaps this is due to adaptation, hardening, hybridization.
If you want to see a really abundant harvest of hazel, you must constantly watch the catkins on the bush. They may be of poor quality due to improper agricultural technology, or even dead due to freezing. Then it will be necessary to take pollen from healthy plants and independently polish the hazel in your area. This can be done in a variety of ways - scatter pollen in the direction of the plant, hang small containers of pollen on neighboring trees, paying attention to the direction of the wind, or on the hazel itself.
It is also advisable to have a planting in several bushes, and preferably 3-5 plants of different varieties, then you will annually get a good crop of nuts.
Hazel (hazel or hazelnut) requires quality care. Here we have watering, and top dressing, and timely pruning, which helps to free the crown from thickening and the abundant growth of new branches.
How to grow hazel
Experts also argue that the best yield is given by plants aged 15-20 years, and the fruits are tied precisely on two-year-old branches.
If the hazel does not bear fruit, you need to take many special measures that will help stimulate the plant to provide you with delicious fruits. But this must be done correctly, studying the problems and eliminating them sequentially.