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For some people, the word "chestnuts" evokes memories of Paris, where sellers sell them on the street, frying in huge pans, so the incredible aroma spreads throughout the neighborhood, creating a unique romantic atmosphere.
Chestnut amber is a bit like childhood - the smell of hazelnuts or baked potatoes. To enjoy a delicacy it is not necessary to go to France, because edible chestnut can be grown independently.
We plant the "right" chestnut
Each summer resident wants his site to look beautiful and it was pleasant to look at it. For this, attention must be paid not only to fruit and vegetable crops, but also to various ornamental plants, which include the described type of chestnut.
Those who want to taste the fruits of this tree should know that only the fruits of a certain type of chestnut are edible, since only a noble appearance can be used for cooking.
If you plant a plant in the country, then when it grows, a lush crown will create a shadow, so in the hot season you can have a good rest. An interesting form of leaves always attracts attention, and from the fruits you can cook different dishes and do fascinating crafts with the children.
A horse chestnut is not eaten, but it is used to make infusions, decoctions of leaves with medicinal properties. But the nuts of this tree can not be eaten, since they are poisonous.
Useful properties of a decorative plant
Compared to other nuts, edible chestnut includes many beneficial ingredients.
It contains a small amount of fat. In addition, the plant includes fiber, minerals, vitamins, oils and tannins.
The fruit contains about 170 kcal. The leaf extract of this tree is used to make shampoos because it has a firming and anti-inflammatory property.
The usefulness of edible chestnut is also that it helps to fight diseases:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system
- various liver diseases
- rheumatism, thrombosis and varicose veins
How to plant and care for edible chestnut
Since originally edible chestnut grew in a warm climate, in order for it to grow well and bear fruit in your summer cottage, you need to constantly maintain a certain level of humidity. For the tree you need good soil, as well as protection from severe frosts.
Therefore, its cultivation is not easy, in comparison with ordinary trees, which are used to being in our climatic conditions. However, cultivation can be accomplished by observing all the necessary conditions.
Planting a chestnut is as follows:
- First of all, it is necessary to carry out stratification of seeds, which means keeping them in bags filled with sand for 5 months.
- Seedlings should not be placed in ordinary land, but in a special substrate, which is prepared as follows: 50% of forest land; 50% humus; special dolomite flour, which can be purchased at a garden store, based on a half a kilogram per 50 cm3. These components need to be mixed well, add to the soil.
- Seedlings are planted to a depth of about 10 cm, since they are quite large in size.
- Chestnuts sprout relatively quickly, and the first fruits will not keep you waiting too long.
Useful properties of chestnut
The subtleties of care
In order for the ornamental plant to benefit annually, you need to know how to care for it.
- Dig land near the chestnut tree several times a season.
- Watering is carried out as necessary. He loves moisture, especially requires it in the hot season.
- In autumn, the plant should be mulched by 10 cm. Fallen foliage, peat or sawdust are perfect for this procedure. You can learn more about the features of the plant mulching process.
- In order to admire the lush and deciduous crown of chestnuts in early spring, you need to shorten the upper branches of the plant. In the same period, it is worth fertilizing the plant with ammonium nitrate, manure and phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
The use of chestnut in cooking
Edible chestnuts can be fried, baked, cook desserts, soufflés and other confectionery.
As for the main dishes, the chestnut nut goes well with meat, vegetables and seafood. This product will serve as a good snack for wine or beer.
- Before roasting or baking chestnuts, you need to cut them or pierce them slightly with a fork. In this case, “explosions” can be avoided, because moisture is collected inside the product. If the nuts are cooked, then cuts are not necessary.
- Raw chestnuts should not be consumed.
- During frying, it is required to ensure that the fruits do not overcook, as with the loss of moisture they will become hard, and it will be quite difficult to eat them.
- Do not peel nuts in advance, as they will not only dry out, but will also lose their taste.
- Fruits should be stored only in a dark and cool place.
Growing chestnut in a summer cottage has its advantages, since it is this tree that will become a symbol of the family, generations of children and grandchildren will admire it for a long time.