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Voronika (from Latin Empetrum) is an evergreen coniferous plant, belongs to the heather family, leaves resemble needles, flowers are unremarkable. Shrub grows in South America and the Northern Hemisphere. Used as a decorative.
The name of the genus comes from the habitat of the plant - petros means "stone", en - "on".
Crowberry is pollinated by butterflies, bees and flies. It has lighting requirements. Prefers slightly aerated fresh and moist soils. Goats, deer and pigs can enjoy berries. Feel good on trampled pastures.
Shiksha reaches a height of 30 cm. The stems have a brown color, up to 1 meter long. Shrub branches strongly. Sprigs resemble spruce; during flowering, they look quite attractive. The leaves are dark green, have curved edges, are arranged alternately. Flowering - from June to July.
When blooming, the crowberry forms berries. They are black, round, in diameter reach 0.5 cm, inside each - 7 seeds, the skin is dense. The fruits are juicy, sour. In autumn, the bushes are completely strewn with them. Berries are perfectly stored in the winter. In the tundra, hunters quench their thirst.
The plant is popular, so the people gave it a huge number of names:
- expensive grass;
- stuffed cabbage;
- psycho, etc.
The plant is cold-loving and lives only near housing. In Russia, it is found only in the wild in subalpine terrain, on the slopes of the Altai Mountains and the Sayan Range. In England and Scandinavia, crowberry is found in moist forests, in swamps. Shiksha interacts well with mushrooms, like all heather, it receives nutrients from them. Voronika is found even in the Arctic region and, despite the difficult climatic conditions, gives a good harvest.
Features of planting and growing
The funnel is grown on acidic peaty or sandy soils. In this case, make sure that there is no stagnation of water. Landing is as follows:
- Voronika landed at a depth of 40 cm.
- There should be a distance of 50 cm between the bushes.
- In order for the funnel to take root well, the root neck is deepened by 2 cm.
- Soil is prepared as follows: equal parts of peat, sand and sod land are taken.
- A major role is played by drainage. It is made of gravel and sand - a thickness of not more than 10 cm.
For good growth, the funnel is fed a nitroammophos once a season. Wintering of the plant takes place under a layer of snow, so no additional shelter is required. In the spring, pruning is carried out, while only dry branches are removed. Care is very easy - weeds are removed only the first year. Then the shrub does an excellent job on its own. Reproduction is by seeds and layering. In dry periods, watering is required.
Shiksha is a plant whose fruits contain many biological elements and vitamins, which have a general strengthening effect and have a positive effect on the nervous system. Basically, shiksha is used as a remedy for seizures during epilepsy. A good effect is noted with the following ailments:
- chronic fatigue;
- nervous disorders;
Vodyanika perfectly removes from radionuclides. Among other things, preparations based on plant berries have diuretic, choleretic, hypotensive, phytoncide properties.
Shiksha is a unique product in its composition. It includes chemicals such as:
- trace elements;
- triterpene coumarins;
- fatty oils, etc.
You can also learn how to grow healthy and tasty lingonberries on your plot.
How to make blanks
Vodyanika is good because for medicinal purposes the whole aerial part of the plant is used - branches with leaves and berries. Grass is prepared during flowering, berries - only after ripening.
- Cut grass carefully. Make sure that the roots are not disturbed.
- Then drying is done. Vodyanik is displayed in a shaded place, under a canopy, so that it is not affected by direct sunlight and raindrops, so the healing properties are better preserved. Vodyanik is laid out on a special litter with a thin layer. It is periodically ted so that the grass dries evenly.
- The finished plant is laid out on fabric bags. Shelf life - no more than 2 years.
Application in landscape design and not only
Vodyanik can be used in garden compositions. Looks great in flat rockery. As a background, it can be applied on flower beds along with perennials.
The plant is still eaten by peoples such as Inuit and Sámi. They harvest the berry and eat it in winter with fat. From shoots with leaves, decoctions are prepared to help cope with gastrointestinal diseases. A decoction of the roots can improve eye health. Berries are used for impaired renal function.
In Tibetan medicine, the medicinal properties of berries are used for headaches and for the treatment of kidney and liver diseases.
In Russia, a decoction and tincture based on vodka are used in the following cases:
- paralysis and epilepsy;
- overwork, headaches;
- metabolic disease.
Moreover, a decoction of leaves strengthens hair perfectly!
For food, the berry is used with milk and dairy products. Marmalade, jam, filling for pies are made from it. It can be used as a seasoning for meat and fish. The harvesting of berries is frozen or soaked. Benzoic acid is not contained in them, which means that it can be stored in a good sealed glass container. There will be no fermentation.
A substance such as anthocyanin is present in the berries. This is a pigment that is actively used for dyeing woolen products.
Voronik should be planted near housing. The plant is cold-loving, but has high lighting requirements. The soil should be acidic, peaty or sandy. It is important to ensure that water does not stagnate in the ground. For good growth, nitroammophos is top dressing. During the heat, watering is required. Dropsy contains a large number of vitamins and beneficial elements. Berries are used for paralysis and epilepsy, kidney and liver diseases, and nervous disorders.