More than 3,000 years ago, Central Asian peoples cultivated garlic as the king of all spices. According to legend, such a characteristic was given to him by the ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras of Samos. Garlic is not only a valuable product, without which some of the dishes would not exist on our menu, but also a wonderful therapeutic agent used in folk medicine mainly as an antiseptic due to the presence of volatile and essential substances.
Plant and its properties
A bit about the healing properties:
- kills pathogenic bacteria;
- contributes to the effective functioning of the cardiovascular system;
- lowers blood pressure;
- reduces inflammatory processes in the bronchi;
- contributes to the prevention of cancer;
- strengthens the immune system;
- promotes the proper digestion of food;
- positive effect on the liver;
- prevents the formation of dementia in old age;
- It is an excellent anthelmintic;
- resists vitamin deficiency in the body;
- prolongs life, being the key to longevity.
According to the requirements and environmental conditions of garlic, there are two main types:
- Spring (landed in spring).
- Winter (planting is made in autumn, is able to winter under a layer of snow).
Growing crops in greenhouse conditions will provide an early harvest.
The healing properties of garlic
Storage conditions and planting dates
The optimum temperature for storing the heads is from 2 to 6 degrees of heat. There are two ways to keep garlic in the winter:
- In a gauze or mesh bag, winter garlic can be buried in the soil of the greenhouse.
- In the drawers. The plant is planted in boxes before the formation of the root system. Then the boxes burrow in the snow.
Growing garlic is a painstaking process that requires proper care and knowledge of technology.
Before putting winter garlic in a cold environment, it must go through a period of cooling and vernalization. The root system of this vegetable is formed at a temperature of 1 degree frost, it goes into active growth at a soil temperature of 5 to 10 degrees Celsius. During ripening, the plant requires over 20 degrees of heat. The roots are able to withstand very low temperatures, and the spring-like root system can only tolerate the short-term effects of low temperatures.
Spring varieties are planted in early spring, as the soil is ready. Winter plants are planted 3 weeks before the onset of stable frosts, so that the root system is formed, but the leaves did not go into growth.
Arrows that appear must be removed in a timely manner, as this will damage the forming bulb.
How to store garlic in winter
Growing garlic in greenhouse conditions implies the use of fertile manmade soil. The soil should be sufficiently moistened, but excessive moisture can damage the plant. Soil should be prepared in advance. Mulching it for the winter with humus, sawdust, leaves or tops of vegetables will maintain the necessary moisture level for planting. Before planting in a greenhouse, the soil is loosened and treated with fertilizers.
The soil must be breathable, heavy soil is not suitable. The soil in the greenhouse is equipped with organic and mineral fertilizers with the calculation of 5 kg of fertilizers, 30 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium salt per square meter of soil. After treatment, the soil is leveled. When the bed is ready, it must be left for a month in order for the soil to shrink. If there is no time, the soil can be compressed artificially.
Landing and care
Before planting in a greenhouse, the material should be thoroughly dried in the sun. The bulb is divided into teeth, a scaly cover and last year's traffic jams are cleaned from them.
Winter garlic before planting does not require full cleaning, and spring is completely cleaned.
The cultivation of this culture requires its disinfection before planting. The teeth must be disinfected in a solution of copper sulfate with the calculation of 15 g per 10 l of water. In the greenhouse, garlic is planted at a distance of 8 - 10 cm between the teeth, depending on their size. The distance between the rows should not exceed 25 cm. As long as the shoots are formed, the plant needs frequent intensive irrigation with standing water. The deepening of the teeth should not exceed 7 cm.
In order for the garlic harvest in the greenhouse to be good, it is necessary to regularly cut the arrows it produces.
When greens begin to appear, the plant requires fertilizing with any nitrogen-based fertilizer. The equipment is made 4 times with a frequency of 2 weeks. Watering should be done timely and regularly. In dry and hot weather, garlic should be watered very abundantly so that the crop is juicy. You can stop watering in August.
The use of organic fertilizers, potassium and phosphorus helps to increase the level of nutrients and healing substances in the crop. And excessive watering at the end of its growth significantly reduces these properties.
Growing crops of the onion family includes timely loosening of the soil, removing weeds and cutting arrows. This will give more light to the plant, which contributes to the growth and increase in the size of the forming bulb.
Growing winter garlic
When the lower leaves turn yellow and the arrows straighten, you can begin to harvest. Leaves should be left when picking garlic until they give the bulb nutrients.
If you do not harvest in time, the bulb will begin to decay into the prongs.
Greens all year round
To obtain vitamins in the form of garlic greens throughout the year, you can grow it in a greenhouse just for this purpose. The best material for garlic greens are the cloves of winter garlic. Favorable air temperature in the greenhouse - at least 25 degrees.
Garlic cloves should be grown in a soil enriched with fertilizers to produce greens.
You can plant a vegetable in the fall, covering it with a large layer of leaves or straw for the winter. After snow thawing, the leaf layer is removed and a greenhouse is formed from arches and film shelter at the bed. Growing garlic greens in a greenhouse involves the timely watering of watering beds and regular cutting of leaves. With the onset of summer, the greenhouse can be removed.
Growing garlic in a garden bed, in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse is not an easy task. The process of growing culture requires increased attention and good care. Compliance with the correct technology for growing this crop in a greenhouse will provide your family with greenery for the whole year, and a good harvest is truly a great achievement for any gardener.