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Cherry Zarya of the Volga region is a hybrid bred as a result of crossing two varieties: the Beauty of the North and Vladimirskaya. The resulting plant has high frost resistance, good disease resistance and small size. This cherry does not require pollinators.
Description of cherries Zarya Volga region
Compact trees with a trunk no more than 7-10 cm in diameter. At a height of about 1 m, it branches into two large branches. The density of the crown is low, the foliage is medium.
Height and dimensions of an adult tree
The adult cherry Zarya of the Volga region rarely reaches a height of more than 2.5 m. Moreover, even if a stimulating pruning is carried out, a greater value cannot be obtained. Therefore, the plant is formed with a spherical medium spreading crown up to 2 m in diameter.
The appearance of the crown of the plant
Description of fruits
Cherry fruits Zarya Volga region are red. They have a flat-round shape. The mass of berries is from 4 to 5 g.
The appearance of ripe cherry fruits Zarya Volga region
The tasting indicators of the berries are high. On a five-point scale, they are given a grade of 4.5. The berries do not crumble when ripe and are not baked in the sun.
Do you need a pollinator for cherry Zarya of the Volga region
This variety is self-fertile. Doesn't need pollinators.
In general, the cherry variety Zarya Povolzhya has balanced characteristics. It can be recommended for both beginners and experienced gardeners as a plant in a private household. It is not recommended to use the Zarya Volga cherry variety for commercial purposes, since the payback per unit area is less than that of most similar varieties.
The appearance of a flowering plant at the age of 5 years
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The frost resistance of the plant corresponds to the 4th zone. Cherry Zarya of the Volga region withstands frosts down to -30 ° C. In the Middle Lane, the plant does not need shelter.
The drought resistance of the Zarya Volga cherry is average. It is not recommended to take breaks in watering for more than 10 days.
The variety belongs to the early maturing. Harvesting is carried out at the end of June. The yield is about 150 kg per one hundred square meters. It is possible to increase it for Zarya Volga cherries by applying fertilizers. Fruiting occurs in the 4th year of the plant's life.
Advantages and disadvantages
The positive properties of the variety include:
- high winter hardiness;
- compactness of the tree crown and its convenient shape;
- early maturation;
- self-fertility of the variety (theoretically, a cherry orchard can generally consist of a monoculture);
- excellent taste of fruits;
- the versatility of their application.
Cherry variety Dawn of the Volga region has the following negative qualities:
- low resistance to fungal diseases;
- relatively low yield.
The last of the shortcomings is controversial. The absolute yield indicators for Zarya Volga cherries are probably not high. But if we take into account the size of the crown and the compact placement of plants on the site, the declared figure is 1.5 kg per 1 sq. m is quite acceptable.
How to plant cherries Zarya Volga region
Planting a tree begins with the selection of seedlings. As such, planting material grown in the same region should be used. This ensures good survival of young plants.
Important! Before purchasing, it is recommended to inspect the seedling, especially its root system. There should be no damage or dry areas on it.
Depending on the state of the acquired planting material, the timing of its planting in the ground is determined. It should be remembered that seedlings of cherry Zarya of the Volga region with an open root system should take root in spring or autumn. If the young plant is sold in a container, it can be planted at any time during the warm season.
Saplings of the Dawn of the Volga region
It is believed that the best planting time is the beginning of May, when the soil has already warmed up thoroughly. At this time of the year there will be good sap flow and good growth rates of the seedling. On the other hand, it is possible to carry out the autumn planting of Zarya Volga cherries. In this case, the tree will be able to better adapt and the next year, coming out of dormancy, start developing in a "natural" way.
Site selection and soil preparation
Cherry Zarya of the Volga region requires a sunny site, located on a small hill. The ideal option would be the summit of the southern slope, protected from the northern direction by a fence.
The plant loves sandy loam soils, a compromise option is loam. The acidity should be neutral. Too acidic soils are recommended to be limed with wood ash or dolomite flour. The introduction of these components is allowed at the time of planting.
The depth of the pit for planting Zarya Volga cherries should be about 50-80 cm. Ultimately, it depends on the level of groundwater. The higher it is, the larger the pit is recommended, since drainage will have to be laid on the bottom. Usually, gravel or fine crushed stone is used as the latter.
The diameter of the hole depends on the size of the root system and should be 10-15 cm larger than it. Therefore, its recommended value is 60-80 cm.
Before planting, a nutrient mixture of the following composition is introduced into the pit on top of the drainage:
- garden land - 10 l;
- humus - 10 liters;
- superphosphate - 200 g;
- potassium salt - 50 g.
At the same stage, you can add a lime component.
It is recommended to soak the roots of young cherries in Epin or Kornevin 5-6 hours before planting in the ground. After the seedling has settled in the stimulator, they begin planting, which is carried out according to the following scheme:
- The pre-prepared nutrient mixture is poured into a hole dug for planting a tree.
- The top layer of the mixture is additionally mixed with ash or dolomite flour (if there is a need to reduce the acidity of the soil).
- A small mound is formed from the top layer of the mixture.
- A support is driven into the hole, a seedling is installed next to it, in the center.
- The roots of the seedling are neatly and evenly distributed over the slopes of the mound.
- From above, the roots are covered to the ground level with the remnants of the soil mixture.
- The soil is compacted around the young tree.
- After planting, young trees are watered (20 liters of warm water for each specimen).
Attention! When planting a seedling, the root collar should be exactly at the surface level - not above or below the ground.
At the end of planting, it is recommended to cover the soil around the tree.
Installation of a cherry seedling Zarya Volga region in a pit during planting
The first year, seedlings require a certain care procedure, without which there is a high probability that they will die or slow down in development. Care consists of timely watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Watering and feeding schedule
Watering is carried out as the soil dries out. Usually, a scheme is used in which one plentiful watering is done after fairly long periods of time. This achieves the maximum rooting rate.
It is recommended to carry out this procedure once every 7-10 days, depending on the weather and air humidity. The norm is 20 liters for one tree. If the level of natural precipitation is sufficient, artificial irrigation can be omitted.
Root dressing is recommended for young trees. In the first half of the warm season (until June), nitrogen fertilizers should be applied, as they stimulate the growing season and the growth of green mass is abundant.
After flowering, you can add superphosphate. Before wintering, it is recommended to use organic fertilizers in the form of humus or bird droppings, diluted in the input.
Attention! You can not make any nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate, not rotted manure) in the autumn. If you give the cherry Zarya Volga region such a bait before winter, it will not have time to prepare for the cold weather and will freeze.
Formation of the correct spherical crown will require the obligatory pruning of the tree. This procedure is carried out exclusively in the spring (before bud break) or in the fall (after leaf fall). In this case, the following actions are carried out:
- form the appearance of the crown in the form of a ball or an ellipse elongated upward;
- pruning damaged or diseased shoots;
- remove branches growing at sharp angles inside the crown.
Usually, trimming is done using a sector. Slices with a diameter of more than 10 mm are treated with garden pitch.
Preparing for winter
As such, there is no preparation of the tree for winter. Since the plant is able to withstand temperatures up to - 30 ° C, no shelter is needed for the cherry Zarya of the Volga region.
Diseases and pests
Of the plant's vulnerabilities to diseases, it is possible to note only various fungal infections. Methods of their treatment and prevention are standard: treatment with copper-containing preparations. The first procedure is carried out with a solution of 1% Bordeaux liquid even before bud break. The second is about a week after fruit set. In the event of white rot or powdery mildew, it is recommended to remove the damaged fragments of the tree.
Of the pests, rodents (such as hares), which eat the bark in the lower part of the trees, may be the most disturbing. To combat this phenomenon, it is necessary at the end of autumn to whitewash tree trunks with lime to a height of about 1 m.
Feathered pests (for example, starlings) do not show interest in Zarya Volga cherries, therefore, there is no need to arrange any traps in the form of nets or set scarecrows on the site during the ripening of fruits.
Cherry Zarya Volga is a frost-resistant variety adapted for cultivation in the Middle Strip. For its compact size, this variety has a relatively good yield, as well as good performance. With the timely organization of preventive measures, the variety is practically invulnerable to disease.
Sergeeva Anna Anatolyevna, 40 years old, Vladimir
Cherry Zarya of the Volga region, we were offered to grow the neighbors, when they saw that most of our site was empty. We followed their advice, deciding that a sufficient number of relatively low-growing trees from which it is convenient to pick berries is exactly what we need. The first two years, the harvests were relatively small. But already from the third time the situation changed dramatically. The formed round crowns began to give really good yields. We removed 10-12 buckets of cherries from a hundred square meters. An excellent variety, I recommend it to everyone.
Petrenko Vladislav Konstantinovich, 52 years old, Saratov
I bought the Zarya of the Volga region several years ago in a nursery just to try what kind of variety it is. Currently, almost all cherries on my site belong to this particular variety. This unpretentious and compact crop is very convenient in processing and harvesting. And its early maturity allows you to quickly cope with it and move on to other work on the site. It is almost ideal, requiring some pruning work and fungal prevention from time to time. There are no other minuses in the Zarya Volga cherry cherry, only pluses.