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Hericium yellow (Gidnum champlevé): photo and description, benefits, how to cook

Hericium yellow (Gidnum champlevé): photo and description, benefits, how to cook


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Yellow Hericium (Hydnum repandum) is a good edible mushroom. Its aroma contains fruity and resinous notes. In European countries, it is considered a delicacy. Belongs to the Gidnum genus, sometimes it is also called Kolchak or Notched Barnacle.

Description of the yellow hedgehog

Young yellow hedgehogs are colored orange

Hericium yellow has a well-defined cap with a leg, the surface is slightly velvety without scales, becomes smooth with age. The pulp is light, almost white, rather dense, easily breaks, at the break it acquires a yellow-brown color. The height of the fruit body is from 5 to 10 cm. Young specimens are painted yellow-orange from above.

Description of the hat

Mature yellow barnacles have a lighter hat

In young fruits, the cap is orange, rounded and slightly convex, the edges are bent down. In adulthood, the yellow-ocher color brightens, acquires a whitish tint, the shape becomes irregular with wavy edges and a concave middle. The surface of the old hat is dotted with pits and tubercles, as if rumpled.

Instead of plates, hymenophores in the form of white or yellow spines. During transportation, they easily come off, and clog up all the other mushrooms in the basket, therefore, it is better to put the yellow hedgehogs in a separate container.

Leg description

The leg of yellow hedgehogs is white or yellowish

It is usually short - from 3 to 8 cm, white, slightly tapering downward, resembling a curved cylinder. Its diameter is from 2 to 4 cm. The surface is painted in white or yellowish color. The older the mushroom, the darker it is.

Doubles and their differences

Hericium yellow is a wonderful mushroom; it has no poisonous counterparts. It cannot be confused with fly agarics and toadstools due to the peculiarity of the structure of the hymenophore.

Chanterelles - valuable edible mushrooms are the counterparts of the yellow hedgehog. To notice the difference, you need to look under the hat - the chanterelle has yellow-orange plates, and the hedgehog has yellow spines.

Chanterelle mushrooms have a lamellar hymenophore

The reddish-yellow hedgehog (Hydnum rufescens) is also similar to the yellow hedgehog (Hydnum repandum). This species is conditionally edible, it is smaller (the diameter of the cap is about 5 cm) and is bright orange in color.

Hericium reddish yellow - a very tasty mushroom

Where and how it grows

Yellow barnacles are found in forest clearings, mainly on the ground, among moss. They form mycorrhiza with deciduous and coniferous species of woody plants. Adult specimens often grow together with legs and caps, form witch circles or rows on the ground.

Hericium yellow is native to Europe, Asia and North America. Prefers regions with a temperate climate, found in Siberia and the Far East. Mass fruiting lasts from August to September, but the harvest season lasts until the end of autumn.

Is the yellow hedgehog edible or not

The yellow hedgehog is a healthy and tasty mushroom. Experienced mushroom pickers love it and always put it in their baskets. Young specimens are subjected to minimal heat treatment. The old ones are boiled for at least 10 minutes. Their flesh is rough and slightly bitter.

How to cook a yellow hedgehog

You can cook mushrooms in any way - boil, fry, pickle. Both young and mature specimens are suitable for culinary processing. During preliminary preparation, the mushroom harvest should not be soaked in water, yellow hedgehogs will become brittle.

Mushroom preparation

The collected mushrooms are cleaned of debris, washed and dried

The fruits brought from the forest are immediately processed. Long-term storage reduces the nutritional value of the forest delicacy.

Detailed description of the process:

  1. Mushrooms are cleaned of debris and sorted out.
  2. Large ones are cut into pieces so that it is convenient to cook. The caps have no skin, so there is no need to peel them.
  3. Having washed well in a basin or under running water, cut off the base of the leg with a sharp knife, remove damaged and contaminated places by insects.
  4. Then they dry it on a clean towel and prepare the intended dish, can it or dry it for the winter.

Advice! Housewives recommend peeling off the spines of the hymenophore when cooking soups with a hedgehog.

How to fry

Hericiums yellow, fried in cream

Preparing a delicious mushroom snack is very simple. To do this, you need the following products:

  • mushrooms - 1 kg;
  • onion - 1 pc.;
  • carrots - 1 pc.;
  • cream - 1 tbsp.;
  • lean oil and spices - as needed.

A detailed description of the frying process:

  1. After preliminary preparation, the mushrooms are sent to the pan with heated butter or vegetable oil.
  2. In a separate frying pan until golden brown, brown chopped onions and a little carrots (optional).
  3. Add onions and carrots to the mushrooms, salt to taste, pour in heavy cream, keep on medium heat for 3-5 minutes.

How to pickle

Pickled yellow hedgehogs are eaten 12 hours after cooking

Mushrooms will not lose their shape and volume during pickling, will be crispy and very tasty.

Products for 720 ml jar:

  • black hairs - 450 g;
  • onion - 1 pc .;
  • garlic - 1 clove;
  • salt - 1 tbsp. l .;
  • vinegar 5% - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • rapeseed oil - 1 tbsp. l .;
  • black peppercorns - 10 pcs.;
  • bay leaf - 1 pc.;
  • boiling water for the marinade - 250 ml.

Process description:

  1. Young specimens are selected for pickling. Prepared mushrooms are poured with boiling water and left to infuse for 10-15 minutes.
  2. Throw in a colander and rinse with running water.
  3. On the bottom of a clean glass jar, place a peeled, halved onion and a chive.
  4. Pour in salt, pour in rapeseed oil and vinegar, add peppercorns and 100 ml of boiling water.
  5. Prepared black-haired people are placed in the jar.
  6. Add 150 ml of boiling water to the top, tighten with a tin lid.
  7. Shaking the jar so that its contents mix well, turn it upside down. Leave in this position for one hour.
  8. After this time, the jar is placed on the bottom and put into the refrigerator.

Important! You can store such a blank for a month.

How to freeze

Before freezing, the mushrooms are cut and put in bags.

Hericiums can be frozen fresh or by pre-boiling in boiling water for three minutes. In the first case, clean, well-washed and dried mushrooms are packed in bags and frozen. Boiled black hairs are thrown in a colander, allowed to drain, then they are also packed in bags and frozen.

Salting

Hot Salted Hericiums, Ready to Eat in Two Weeks

For salting, the following are used as spices:

  • garlic;
  • dill umbrellas;
  • horseradish leaf;
  • peppercorns.

Some mushroom pickers, in order not to interrupt the aroma, use only garlic for pickling. The recipe below is good because the mushrooms do not need to be pre-soaked as with cold salting.

Products:

  • yellow barnacles - 1 kg;
  • salt and spices - as needed;
  • water - 1 l;
  • vegetable oil - 50 ml.

Process description:

  1. Prepared mushrooms are placed in boiling water, adding 0.5 tsp per liter of water. salt. When the water boils, cook for 3-5 minutes.
  2. The foam can be left on, the boiled hedgehogs are thrown in a colander and washed under running water. Allow to drain for 15-20 minutes.
  3. Horseradish leaves, allspice and black peppercorns, garlic are placed on the bottom in a clean glass jar, two pinches of salt are poured.
  4. Put the mushrooms in a jar in layers of 3-4 cm, sprinkle with salt (about 1-2 pinches). Dill umbrellas and garlic are placed in the middle of the jar.
  5. The mushroom layers are well tamped by hand. When the last layer is laid, 3-4 cm should remain to the edge of the can.
  6. A horseradish leaf is placed on top as a shutter, a pinch of salt is poured and a little vegetable oil is poured.
  7. Cover the jar with a clean nylon lid and refrigerate.

Important! Do not fill the jar with mushrooms to the very top; during the salting process, they will rise slightly and can rip off the lid.

Useful properties of yellow hedgehog

Due to its healing properties, yellow hedgehogs have been used in Chinese folk medicine for centuries. The composition of the mushroom pulp includes vitamins, macro- and microelements (K, Ca, Na, Ph, Zn, Cu, Se), amino acids, etc. A substance has been isolated from the black man's man, which is cytotoxic towards various cancer cells, especially cancer stomach.

Beneficial features:

  1. Applying mushroom juice to the wound prevents infection and suppuration.
  2. With the use of a hedgehog, the body's resistance to viral diseases increases, and immunity increases.
  3. Mushroom polysaccharides strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
  4. Biologically active complexes that make up the pulp promote hematopoiesis by stimulating the production of red blood cells.

With prolonged use of yellow barnacle, the volume of the lungs increases, the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract are restored, the work of the endocrine glands normalizes, and the general tone rises.

In China, mushroom tincture has long been prescribed for prolonged depression. It soothes and lowers blood pressure, fights insomnia. On the basis of these mushrooms, medicinal ointments are made, as well as tonic and nourishing cosmetic masks, which have a high regenerating effect, improve the condition of the skin, hair and nails.

How to grow a yellow hedgehog on the site

In nature, this representative of the mushroom kingdom can grow on any soil, but prefers lime soil, which must be taken into account when choosing a place to grow yellow hedgehog at home. Its cultivation gives good results, the main thing is to purchase high-quality mycelium from trusted manufacturers.

Growing order:

Plow the ground under a tree or bush.

Usually to a depth of 5-15 cm, depending on the characteristics of the root system

The mushroom mycelium is scattered over the surface.

Store-bought mushroom mycelium can be replaced and found yourself

A small layer of forest soil is poured on top, mixed in equal proportions with humus.

Sprinkle with earth remaining from fluffing.

Watering with a garden watering can on dry days, spending up to 10 liters per 1 sq. m.

Mushroom mycelium needs regular watering

The mycelium begins to bear fruit about six months after planting the mycelium in autumn or spring. She lives for many years as long as the tree that feeds her grows.

Conclusion

Hericium yellow is a valuable edible species that is little known to novice mushroom pickers. It has no poisonous counterparts, so you can collect it without any fear. In preparation, it is not capricious and versatile. Any mushroom dishes and winter preparations can be made from it.


Watch the video: How to Cook Lions Mane Mushroom Top 2 Healthy u0026 Delicious Dishes (September 2022).


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