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Getting a good harvest depends not only on the exact observance of agricultural techniques, but also on the correct choice of the variety. The culture must be acclimatized to the specific weather conditions of a particular region. Today we will talk about the varieties of peppers in the Northwest region and learn the rules for choosing the most suitable crops.
What to consider when choosing varieties
When choosing a pepper variety or its hybrid, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the climate of the region where it will grow. For the Northwest, it is optimal to choose crops of the early ripening period with low-growing bushes. If there is a greenhouse on the site, especially if it is heated, you can give preference to tall plants. A good harvest in such conditions can be obtained from mid-season and late hybrids that bring fleshy large peppers.
Seedlings are planted in greenhouse soil 75 days after germination. The climate of the Northwest is characterized by cloudy, cool weather until mid-March, so sowing seeds for seedlings should be performed from about February 15th. The choice of such a sowing time is due to the fact that large peppers need 5 months to fully ripen. Thus, the first crop can be harvested in mid-July.
Attention! You should not sow seeds for seedlings in January to get ripe peppers even earlier. The lack of sunlight will slow down the growth of plants, and no amount of lighting will help here. The January sowing of grains is optimal for the southern regions.
There are two concepts such as the stage of technical and biological maturity. In the first version, the peppers are usually green or white, still completely unripe, but ready to eat. In the second version, the fruits are considered fully ripe, having acquired a red or other color characteristic of a particular variety. So the fruits of varietal crops must be plucked in the first stage. In storage, they will ripen themselves. Dutch hybrids are best harvested when the peppers reach the second stage. During this time, they are saturated with sweet juice and a characteristic peppery aroma.
Dutch hybrids bear large, fleshy fruits late. To grow them in the Northwest, it is necessary to have a heated greenhouse, since the crop ripens in 7 months.
Advice! It is optimal to plant peppers of different ripening periods in the greenhouse. This way you can constantly get fresh fruits. It is better to plant a minimum number of late hybrids.
The most popular varieties in the North-West region are "Gift of Moldova" and "Tenderness". They bear early fruits indoors with tender juicy flesh. But there are also many other sweet pepper varieties and hybrids that have worked well in the cold region.
Overview of varieties
Since we started talking about the varieties "Gift of Moldova" and "Tenderness", it is reasonable to consider them first, as the most popular. Next, let's get acquainted with other peppers from different ripening periods.
The culture is considered universal due to its ability to adapt to any climate. Bushes under cover grow up to 1 m in height, requiring a garter of branches. The ripening period is considered to be medium early. The first crop is harvested 115 days after germination. The shape of the vegetable resembles a pyramid with a truncated top. Fleshy flesh with a thickness of 8 mm after ripening becomes deep red. Ripe peppers weigh about 100 g. In greenhouse cultivation, the yield is 7 kg / m2.
Gift from Moldova
The plant bears a harvest of ripe peppers 120 days after germination, which determines it to medium early varieties. Low bushes grow up to a maximum of 45 cm in height, compactly folded. The cone-shaped peppercorns have an average pulp thickness of about 5 mm, covered with a smooth skin. When ripe, the light flesh turns red. The mass of a mature vegetable is about 70 g. The yield is good, from 1 m2 about 4.7 kg of peppers can be harvested.
After germination of seedlings, the first mature crop will appear in 110 days. The crop belongs to early hybrids and is intended for greenhouse cultivation. A tall plant is not heavily foliated, branches are spreading, requiring a garter. Large fruits with slightly visible ribbing inside form 3 or 4 seed chambers. The pulp is juicy, 5 mm thick, covered with a smooth skin, when ripe it turns red. The mass of ripe pepper is about 160 g.
The greenhouse crop yields an early harvest about 100 days after germination of the seedlings. Medium vigorous bushes are densely covered with foliage, the crown is compact. The shape of the vegetable resembles a prism; ribbing is slightly visible along the walls. Up to 4 seed nests are formed inside. When ripe, the green flesh turns red. Ripe peppers weigh about 120 g. The 7 mm thick flesh is highly juiced. The yield of the variety is high, from 1 m2 collect 10 kg of vegetables.
Attention! Peppers can occasionally be affected by superficial rot.
The fruits of this early hybrid ripen in greenhouse conditions 90 days after germination. A tall shrub with medium foliage. Cone-shaped peppers with a smooth skin and slightly visible ribbing, when ripe, acquire a red color on the walls. The fruits hang drooping on the branches of the bush. Under a cold shelter, the peppercorns grow smaller, weighing about 50 g. The hybrid grown in a heated greenhouse bears larger fruits weighing up to 100 g. Juicy pulp, 5 mm thick. In the greenhouse conditions of the North-West region from 1 m2 you can collect 22 kg of vegetables.
Another indoor hybrid yields early harvests in 105 days. However, the full ripening of the peppers occurs after 120 days. The plant is very tall, usually 1.6 m in height, sometimes stretching up to 2.1 m. The bush is compact, medium leafy with drooping peppercorns. The shape of the vegetable resembles a slightly curved prism with a rounded top. Ribbing is slightly visible on the smooth skin. Inside the red pulp, 6 mm thick, 2 or 3 seed chambers are formed. The maximum weight of a ripe peppercorn is about 120 g.
In terms of ripening, the hybrid belongs to medium early peppers. The crop is intended for greenhouse cultivation and brings its first harvests after 110 days. The shrub grows of medium height with limited shoots. The shape of the vegetable is a bit like a cube, where three seed chambers usually form inside. The smooth skin covers the fleshy flesh with a thickness of 6 mm. Mature pepper weighs about 175 g.
For greenhouse purposes, the hybrid brings an early harvest, 90 days after germination. The bush grows a little over 1 m in height with short lateral branches. Usually the plant forms no more than three shoots. The cone-shaped vegetable has a slight ribbing, it turns red when ripe. Delicious juicy pulp, 5 mm thick, covered with a firm, smooth skin. Mature pepper weighs about 110 g. The hybrid brings large yields. From 1 m2 more than 13 kg of vegetables can be harvested.
Important! Fruits can occasionally become covered with superficial rot.
Greenhouse peppers produce an early harvest 90 days after germination. The tall bush has weakly spreading branches. The cone-shaped peppercorns are covered with a smooth skin, along which ribbing is poorly visible. As the green color matures, the walls acquire a red color. The pulp is fragrant, juicy, up to 6 mm thick. A mature vegetable weighs a maximum of 100 g. The variety is considered high-yielding, bringing more than 11 kg of peppers from 1 m2.
Important! Peppers of this variety are susceptible to top rot.
For greenhouse purposes, the hybrid brings an early harvest 105 days after full germination of the seedlings. Tall bushes usually grow 1.4 m in height, but can stretch up to 1.8 m. The plant is not heavily foliated. Peppers, resembling a prism in shape, have a slight ribbing, plus waviness is observed along the walls. When fully ripe, the green flesh turns red. 2 or 3 seed chambers are formed inside the vegetable. The pulp is fragrant, juicy, 6 mm thick. The mass of mature peppers is maximum 100 g.
After 90-100 days, the hybrid will produce an early harvest of peppers in greenhouse conditions. Bushes grow to an average height of just over 1 m with two or three shoots. Spreading crown requiring a garter to the trellis. The cone-shaped peppercorns with rounded tops weigh about 120 g. The dense flesh is 5 mm thick and covered with a firm, smooth skin. The hybrid is considered high-yielding, yielding from 1m2 about 12 kg of vegetables.
Important! Peppers are susceptible to top rot.
The greenhouse hybrid belongs to the middle ripening period, bearing the first fruits after 125 days. Bushes are tall, but compact and require partial tie-up of the stems. Cuboid-shaped peppers are characterized by a blunt, slightly depressed tip. The skin of the fruit is smooth, there is a slight waviness along the walls. Inside, from 3 to 4 seed chambers are formed. After ripening, the green flesh of the vegetable is about 7 mm thick and turns red. Mature peppercorn weighs 140 g.
The crop is intended for cultivation in closed beds. The hybrid is able to bring the first crop after 90 days. Tall bushes are compact in shape, require partial crown garters. The peppercorns resemble a heart in shape; there are up to three seed chambers inside. Fleshy juicy flesh, about 9 mm thick, covered with smooth skin. After ripening, the green walls turn red. A ripe vegetable weighs 85 g.
The video shows a selection of varieties:
The long-known and popular variety with low-growing bushes brings the first wave of harvest larger fruits weighing 115 g. All subsequent peppers grow smaller, weighing no more than 100 g. The shape of the vegetable is cone-shaped, slightly elongated with a sharp nose. Thin flesh, not more than 5 mm thick, in mature state has a beige color with a pale greenish tinge. The peppers taste good without a pronounced aroma and sweet aftertaste. The plant is undemanding to care for, it adapts to different climatic conditions. The harvested crop can be stored for up to three months.
This variety was bred recently, but has already gained popularity among many vegetable growers. Conical fruits with fleshy walls, 8 mm thick, when ripe, acquire a deep orange or red color. A ripe peppercorn weighs about 130 g. Inside, the vegetable has 4 seed chambers, abundantly filled with grains. Compact, medium-sized bushes should be tied to at least wooden stakes. The harvested crop can be stored for 2 months without losing its presentation.
Important! With a lack of moisture, the plant sharply reduces the formation of the ovary, it can even discard ready-made fruits.
The culture has an increased adaptation to aggressive climatic conditions and bad soils. Giving the plant poor care, it will still thank you with a generous harvest. Bushes grow to a maximum of 0.7 m in height. The crown is very spreading, requiring a mandatory garter. The cone-shaped, slightly curved peppers weigh about 190 g. The 1 cm thick pulp has a characteristic crunch. After fully ripening, the vegetable turns red with a cherry tint. The harvested crop can last for 1.5 months.
A very early variety is capable of producing a good harvest in Siberian conditions, provided that it is grown in greenhouses. The plant does not care about the absence of sunny warm days, it is not worried about prolonged rains and cold weather. Bushes grow compact and medium in size. The cone-shaped peppers weigh a maximum of 140 g. The pulp is juicy. 8 mm thick. After ripening, the vegetable turns red or yellow-orange in color.
An early ripe pepper variety bears medium-sized fruits weighing about 180 g. Neatly folded bushes grow no more than 0.5 m in height. The pulp is juicy, but not too fleshy, only 5 mm thick. For its intended purpose, the vegetable is considered a salad direction. The plant bears fruit well when planted tightly. The harvested crop is stored for 3 months.
Another popular variety has a compact structure of a bush up to 0.7 m high. For reliability, it is advisable to tie the plant up. Cone-shaped peppercorns with a flesh thickness of 7 mm weigh about 180 g. Fruits are almost all even, sometimes there are specimens with a curved nose. The vegetable tastes sweet with a peppery aroma. The harvested crop is stored for a maximum of 2.5 months.
The popularity of the variety was brought about by the color of its fruits. As it ripens, the color range changes from lemon to rich orange. Cone-shaped peppers with a pulp thickness of 6 mm grow to a weight of about 220 g. The height of the bushes is a maximum of 0.6 m. The vegetable is very tasty, even when plucked at the stage of technical ripeness. The harvested crop is stored for 2 months.
Low-growing bushes with a maximum height of 0.5 m bring excellent yields when planted densely. The vegetable can be eaten green, only its watery pulp is weakly aromatic and practically unsweetened. Such peppercorns weigh about 130 g. A ripe vegetable adds a little weight, acquires a sweetness, peppery aroma. The pulp turns red. The cone-shaped fruit can be stored for 2.5 months.
The video shows the cultivation of peppers in cold climates:
In addition to the crops considered, there are a huge number of other varieties of early peppers that can bear fruit in the greenhouse conditions of the Northwest. And if there is still heating, a good harvest is guaranteed.