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Ligularia toothed Black purple: outdoor cultivation

Ligularia toothed Black purple: outdoor cultivation


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Ligularia Black purple, or scalloped buzulnik, is an ideal choice for shady areas of the garden. An unpretentious perennial of the Astrov family requires a minimum of care, while it blooms without stopping throughout the summer. In landscape design, powerful and picturesque ligularia bushes Black purple are used to design artificial reservoirs, the background of prefabricated floristic compositions, as a phyto-tapeworm, a camouflage element for various architectural objects.

In its natural habitat, the toothed buzulnik (Ligularia dentata) grows in the mountainous and foothill regions of the Asian countries of Europe and North America.

Buzulnik serrated varieties Black purple - stress-resistant plant, which is characterized by simple agricultural technology

Description of dentate ligularia Black purple

Toothed ligularia Black purple is one of the most delightful ornamental varieties. Powerful, cold-resistant Buzulnik bush Black purple proudly rises above low-growing crops and blooms sunny for a long time.

The plant has the following characteristics:

  • erect stems, up to 1 m high;
  • the color of the stems is greenish brown;
  • petioles are high, collected in a rosette from the root;
  • petiole size up to 60 cm;
  • the shape of the leaf plates is semicircular, kidney-shaped, with marginal teeth;
  • leaf size up to 40 cm;
  • the color of the leaves is purple, with a black tint;
  • inflorescences are corymbose;
  • peduncle height up to 1 m;
  • flowers are chamomile, large, in the form of baskets;
  • the color of the inflorescences is yellow;
  • flower size up to 9 cm in diameter;
  • hemicarp fruits are ribbed, up to 1 cm long.

Bloom of ligularia dentate Black purple begins in late July and ends in late September

Application in landscape design

Ligularia toothed Black purple is a luxurious decorative variety that has gained popularity among landscape designers. The culture amazes with the beauty of foliage, the duration and durability of inflorescences, the ability to grow in the shade of buildings and trees, without losing decorative features.

The plant is successfully used as dominant elements:

  • prefabricated flower beds, flower beds, mixborders;
  • for the design and masking of defects in the walls of houses, fences, and other architectural forms;
  • for decoration of artificial ponds and reservoirs.

Ligularia toothed Black purple perfectly tolerates shade and excess moisture, requires minimal maintenance

Breeding features

Decorative ligularia Black purple is propagated in two main ways:

  • vegetative;
  • seminal.

Vegetative propagation allows you to rejuvenate the plant, to achieve an increase in the size of leaf plates, an increase in the intensity and brightness of leaf color. Such breeding methods for Black Purple Ligularia include:

  • division of the rhizome;
  • division of root suckers;
  • planting layering.

New seedlings begin to bloom the next year, and mother plants significantly increase the mass of foliage.

Separation of stronger shoots for reproduction by layering and separation of the root system is done in the spring.

Seed reproduction involves planting seeds in open ground. Since they need stratification, sowing is done in late autumn. In addition, seedlings can be forced. Sowing seeds is carried out in February-March.

Seed material is pre-stratified in the refrigerator for 1 month

Planting and leaving

Ligularia Black purple does not require special, delicate care. For plants, it is enough to observe the correct agrotechnology of planting in the ground and carry out universal care measures: watering, fertilizing, loosening and mulching the soil, pruning, preparing for winter.

Basic care for the buzulnik does not take much time

Recommended timing

With vegetative propagation in the spring, after the awakening of the mother bushes, the rhizomes are separated and the healthy shoots are separated for the rooting of the cuttings.

With seed reproduction at the end of May, after warming up the soil and establishing a stable temperature for a day, transplant seedlings into open ground (in the case of sowing seeds for seedlings). Sowing buzulnik seeds for seedlings is carried out at the end of February or at the beginning of March.

You can sow the seeds of Black Purple Ligularia directly into open ground at the end of November, before the first frost.

Plants planted in the ground in spring quickly adapt to a new "place of residence"

Site selection and soil preparation

Most preferred for toothed ligularia. Black purple fertile, loose, moist soil with low sand content. Loamy soils in lowland areas are the best option for crop placement. Direct sunlight is destructive for the buzulnik, so it is best to plant bushes in shady places, lowlands, under tree crowns, on the coastline of artificial reservoirs.

For transplanting bushes, it is necessary to prepare shallow holes, the surface of which is filled with drainage, as well as a mixture of humus and clay soil.

Before transplanting bushes, the pits are thoroughly moistened with water.

Landing algorithm

Algorithm for planting a buzulnik when dividing rhizomes or root suckers:

  • in the spring, the mother plant is dug up along with a clod of earth;
  • with a sharp shovel, the part of the root system containing several (2-3) viable buds is separated;
  • root cuts are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with wood ash;
  • new seedlings, along with a lump of earth, are moved to a new place, observing the planting scheme 100x80 cm.

For reproduction, it is good to use young branches of the roots, it is better not to plant the old ones

Algorithm for planting ligularia toothed type Black purple seeds:

  • in February, seeds are stratified for 1 month in a vegetable box of the refrigerator or on the street;
  • in March, seeds are sown in a seedling box, watered abundantly and provide a greenhouse effect;
  • after the emergence of seedlings, the shelter is hidden, the seedlings are provided with moderate watering;
  • at the end of May, when stable warm weather is established, the seedlings are planted in open ground at a distance of up to 1 m between individual bushes and watered abundantly.

Before transplanting ligularia seedlings into open ground, young plants are hardened for 1-2 weeks

Watering and feeding schedule

Since the ligularia of the serrated type Black Purple is distinguished by the impressive size of the bush, a significant area of ​​foliage, the plants intensively evaporate natural moisture, therefore, they need constant moistening of the soil. Watering is carried out in the evening or early in the morning to prevent the appearance of burns on the leaves.

When transplanting bushes into a soil well fertilized with humus for the first two years, the plants do not need feeding. The brightness of the color of the leaves and the intensity of flowering depend on the degree of soil fertility. The plant "prefers" natural feeding in the form of mullein, humus. The bushes should be fed with mullein infusion mixed with superphosphate and wood ash 2-3 times during the summer season. Top dressing is applied at the root, avoiding fertilization on the foliage.

Plant feeding should be done a few hours after abundant watering to prevent burns

Loosening and mulching

For a longer preservation of natural moisture, ligularia bushes of the toothed type Black purple can be mulched with dry hay or grass, last year's foliage or humus.

Intensive weeding is carried out in the spring during the growth of plants. In the summer, the increased foliage "clogs" the weeds, and the need for weeding is no longer necessary.

It is recommended to loosen the soil periodically while watering the plants.

Pruning

After the end of flowering, peduncles with dry inflorescences are cut off. Ligularia bushes look more aesthetically pleasing with well-groomed inflorescences.

Cut dry stalks to ground level

Preparing for winter

The foliage on the buzulnik is not left for the winter, they are not cut off. Once wilted, foliage provides a natural shelter for the root system, allowing plants to survive frost more comfortably. In regions with harsher winters, plants can be mulched with foliage or branches.

In the spring, the shelter is removed, last year's leaves are cut in such a way as not to harm viable buds

Diseases and pests

Ligularia of the Black Purple variety is a plant with a stable immunity. In rare cases, plants may be affected by powdery mildew.

Modern fungicides are used to treat powdery mildew

One of the most common pests that attack the buzulnik are slugs. In the immediate vicinity of water bodies, they necessarily settle on extensive ligularia bushes in order to gnaw unaesthetic and large holes. There are many ways to deal with slugs:

  • pests can be harvested by hand;
  • grooves can be made near the bushes, which should be covered with wood ash, river sand and tobacco;
  • the soil around the plants can be sprinkled with superphosphate.

It is imperative to inspect the bushes of the buzulnik for the detection of slugs in the spring, when the leaves are young, juicy and tender

Conclusion

Buzulnik, or Black Purple Ligularia, is an unpretentious, moisture-loving and shade-loving, beautiful ornamental plant. Yellow inflorescences illuminate the most shaded areas of the garden with chamomile flowers from July to late autumn. Black wide leaves with a rich purple hue resemble a thick, solid, glossy carpet.


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