We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Carrots growing in fields and backyards can be different: orange, yellow or even purple. In addition to color, this vegetable differs in shape, most often there are conical or cylindrical root crops, but there are also round carrots. Another distinctive feature is the tip of the fruit. It can be blunt or pointed.
This article will consider varieties of carrots with a blunt tip, describe their main advantages and features.
How to grow carrots
In order for the carrot to ripen on time, it must be properly planted and properly looked after:
- The land for carrots is prepared in the fall. The site must be dug up or plowed to a depth of at least 30 cm.If this is not done, the roots will be short and crooked, since the vegetable loves loose soil. Carrots will not sprout through hard, crumpled ground, they will become crooked and ugly.
- In the fall, you can fertilize the ground. For this, it is better not to use mineral fertilizers - this vegetable does not like them. Nitrogen, phosphorus, compost fertilizers are more suitable.
- Carrots are sown either in late autumn or in mid-spring, when a constant above-zero temperature is established.
- Before planting, it is better to soak the seeds in water or in a growth accelerator - this way the plants will sprout faster and more amicably.
- When two true leaves appear on each plant, the carrots need to be thinned out. Root crops do not like thickening, at least 5 cm should be left between them.
- In 1-1.5 months after sowing the seeds, a root crop begins to form. At this time, plants especially need regular watering and loosening of the soil.
- Harvested depending on the selected variety and the timing of its ripening - on the 80-130th day after sowing the seeds in the ground.
Advice! Store your carrot crop in a cool, dry place (such as a basement). Experienced gardeners are advised to put roots in wooden boxes with sand.
How to determine the variety
The most suitable variety is the one that is adapted to the climatic characteristics of the region. So, in Siberia, you need to plant carrots that are resistant to low temperatures and have a short growing season - from 80 to 105 days.
Almost all varieties of carrots are suitable for central Russia, because this culture is unpretentious either to the air temperature or to the composition of the soil.
When choosing a variety of carrots, you need to take into account the timing of its ripening. After all, early vegetables not only ripen faster, they have a number of features:
- Less pronounced taste and aroma.
- Poor keeping quality.
- The main purpose is fresh consumption, preparation of various dishes.
For winter storage, canning and processing, it is better to choose a mid-season or late variety. These carrots will be able to lay until the next gardening season, while retaining most of their beneficial qualities and nutritional properties.
Attention! When choosing between hybrids and varieties of carrots, one should take into account that experts note better keeping quality and more pronounced taste in domestic varieties. But foreign hybrids can boast of resistance to external factors.
One of these foreign hybrids is the Dutch carrot Nandrin F1. It belongs to the early maturing - the roots are ready for harvesting after the 100th day of the growing season.
Carrots grow large - the mass of one root crop can reach 300 grams. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, the end of the fruit is blunt. Each carrot is 20 cm long and about four centimeters in diameter. The peel of the carrot is smooth and has a bright reddish-orange hue.
The fruit practically does not have a core - the inner part practically does not differ from the outer one. The pulp is suitable for processing, canning or fresh consumption, the taste of carrots is excellent, they are juicy and aromatic.
Hybrid "Nandrin F1" can be grown for sale, the fruits are of the correct shape and the same size, retain their presentation for a long time, are not prone to cracking.
The fast ripening times of root crops indicate that carrots do not tolerate long-term storage very well, it is better to eat them as soon as possible. But this hybrid can be grown in a short and cool northern summer.
For planting seeds, you need to choose areas that are well lit by the sun, with loose soil. In addition to timely watering, thinning and loosening of the soil, these carrots do not require any special care.
This variety of carrots belongs to medium early - root crops ripen approximately on the 100th day after sowing the seeds. The fruits grow quite large, the length of one can reach 20 cm.
The shape of the root crop resembles a perfectly flat cylinder with a blunt tip. The carrot is colored in a bright orange shade, its peel is smooth and uniform.
Root crops will grow large and succulent when grown in rich and loose soils and are often watered and fed abundantly.
Attention! Any carrot does not like the neighborhood of weeds. During the period of formation and ripening of the root crop, weeds can draw out all the nutrients and moisture from the soil, the carrots will not be large and beautiful. Therefore, all weeds should be promptly removed from the beds.
For the first time, this variety of carrots appeared in France, but domestic breeders have made a lot of efforts, improving and acclimatizing it to local conditions. Today "Shantane" is considered a type of carrot, which includes several varieties and hybrids that are similar to each other.
Root crops have the shape of a cone, the tip of which is blunt. The average length of the fruit is about 14 cm, the diameter is large. The pulp of this variety is juicy and crunchy, with a weak core.
The palatability of the fruit is high - the carrot is fragrant and very tasty. Sugars and carotene are above average, which makes it possible to process vegetables and prepare them for diet meals, purees and juices for baby food.
Different varieties and hybrids of the “Shantane” variety type can have different ripening periods, among them there are both early maturing and late maturing varieties. There is also a carrot intended for cultivation in different regions of the country: from the southern regions to Siberia and the Urals.
The yield of the variety is quite high - up to 9 kg per square meter. The commercial qualities are good: the roots are beautiful, have the correct shape, and retain their beneficial properties and appearance for a long time.
Carrots are late-ripening varieties - root crops reach technical maturity only after the 120th day of vegetation.
The shape of the fruit is a truncated cone with a blunt end. Their size is quite large: the average weight is 210 grams, and the length is about 17 cm. The peel is colored deep orange, on its surface there are many small light "eyes".
The inside of the carrot is the same bright orange as the outside. The core is small, practically indistinguishable from the rest of the pulp in color and taste.
The variety is distinguished by good taste, high yield (up to 7 kg per square meter) and unpretentiousness. Plants are protected from premature stemming, flowering and a number of other characteristic diseases. Another advantage of the "Incomparable" variety is the possibility of long-term storage without loss of useful sugars and carotene.
Hybrid carrots acquire technical maturity by the 105th day after sowing the seeds, which makes it possible to classify them as a subspecies of mid-early varieties. Root crops have the shape of an elongated cone, their diameter is small, and their length often exceeds 20 cm. Moreover, the weight of each fruit is about 90 grams. The root tip is blunt.
The surface and flesh of this carrot has a deep orange hue. The fruits are even and smooth. The pulp of this variety is juicy and aromatic, the core is small, not differing in taste and color.
Root crops are suitable for any consumption, processing, canning, freezing and fresh storage. The yield is quite high - up to 8 kg per square meter.
Plants are resistant to a number of diseases, premature stemming and fruit cracking.
An early ripe carrot variety that is not intended for long-term storage. Such carrots will lie without losing their qualities for only 30 days, but they can be frozen, dried, canned or processed in any convenient way.
The shape of the roots is a cone with a rounded tip. The diameter of the fruit is large, but the length is average. The shade of the pulp and rind is bright orange. The taste is quite high, the vegetable contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
Careful care is needed for this variety, then the yields will be very high - up to 50 tons per hectare. This makes Abaco one of the best commercial varieties.
Plants are resistant to most diseases and are of no interest to carrot pests. The culture tolerates low temperatures and even short-term frosts well.
Another of the early maturing varieties, which allows you to get up to 40 tons of a stable harvest in a short time.
Plants are strong enough: fruits do not rot, rarely get sick. In order for these early ripe carrots to be kept fresh, the seeds must be sown no earlier than the 20th of June.
With this approach, more than 90% of the harvest can be saved during the winter period - the carrots will not lose their useful qualities and presentation. In a darkened and cool basement, carrots can lie for up to six months.
The fruits have a cylindrical shape, are rather large in size - the weight of each reaches 180 grams. The color of the peel and flesh is standard - rich orange.
Taste quality is high, carrots can not only be eaten fresh, but also frozen, added to various dishes and canned.
One of the best and most famous varieties is Boltex mid-season carrots. Root crops are large, cone-shaped with a blunt end. The length of each vegetable reaches 23 cm, the diameter is also quite large. The mass of one carrot can exceed 300 grams.
In the bright orange pulp, there is practically no core, the taste of carrots is uniform, rich, juicy. The vegetable is great for preparing any kind of food, fresh consumption, storage and processing for juices and purees.
Plants are not afraid of root rot, but they do not have immunity to flowering and insect attacks. Therefore, Boltex carrots must not only be watered and fertilized in a timely manner, but also treated with protective agents.
It is a rare carrot variety that can be grown in dense, loamy soils. Despite the large size of the fruits, the harvest will be beautiful and even, even if the soil is not very loose.
A late-ripening variety of carrots, the fruits of which reach technical maturity only on the 138th day after sowing seeds in the beds.
These carrots can be stored for a very long time - up to nine months. In a cool cellar or dark pantry, vegetables will not lose their usefulness, they will remain suitable for fresh consumption.
Plants are very resistant to low temperatures and various diseases. The appearance of the roots is very attractive: the fruits are in the form of an elongated cylinder with a rounded tip. The color of the carrot is deep orange. All root vegetables are smooth and of approximately the same shape and size.
This makes the variety suitable for commercial cultivation and attracts buyers with its excellent appearance.
The taste of the "Emperor" is also at its best, the carrots are juicy and aromatic, with crispy flesh. Contains a lot of vitamins and nutrients.
The plant normally tolerates abundant moisture and a sharp cold snap, the fruits do not rot or crack.
Late-ripening carrots with very high yields - over 65 tons per hectare. To achieve such results, regular watering and properly selected nutrient soil are enough.
Cylindrical root crops reach lengths up to 25 cm, and their weight often exceeds 200 grams. The bright orange pulp is juicy and rich in aroma.
Carrots of this variety can be processed, made into healthy purees and juices. Root crops are good both fresh and canned.
The long storage period keeps vegetables fresh throughout the winter. Plants are resistant to many diseases.
Among the varieties of carrots with a blunt tip, there are both early-maturing varieties and vegetables with a later ripening period. The taste qualities of such carrots are quite high: dietary meals, baby purees and juices are often prepared from it.
If you choose a carrot with a long growing season, you can feast on fresh vegetables all winter. Some varieties can last until the next harvest.