Advice

Cherry varieties: for the Urals, Moscow region, self-fertile, undersized

Cherry varieties: for the Urals, Moscow region, self-fertile, undersized


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Hundreds of existing cherry varieties are added with new ones every year. It is easy for even an experienced gardener to get confused in them. Cherry grows almost everywhere where there are fruit trees - in terms of demand and distribution, it is second only to the apple tree. To facilitate the selection of varieties, we offer a kind of guide. It is far from complete and is represented only by cherries created by breeders in Russia and neighboring countries.

Quick reference of terms

In articles devoted to cherries, there are often terms that we do not know or misunderstand the meaning of. We will try to explain them briefly. Probably, even advanced gardeners will not give up a kind of cheat sheet. Of course, all this information can be easily found on the Internet, here they are simply collected together.

Pollination

Most often, the terms associated with the ability of cherries to set fruits from their own pollen are not quite correctly interpreted.

Self-fertility. Even in the absence of pollinators, cherries are capable of producing up to 50% of the possible yield.

Partial self-fertility. Without pollinating varieties, only 7 to 20% of the berries will be tied.

Self-infertility. In the absence of a variety suitable for pollination, cherry will give no more than 5% of the crop.

Entering fruiting

Compared to other crops (except peach), cherries begin to bear fruit early. The varieties are divided into three groups:

Fast-growing. The first crop is harvested in the third or fourth year after planting.

Medium-fruited. Fruiting - in the fourth year.

Late-fruited. Harvesting begins in the fifth or sixth year after planting.

Data are given for grafted varieties. Steppe cherry almost always begins to bear fruit earlier than ordinary cherry.

Interesting! The technical variety Lyubskaya, belonging to the common cherry, often blooms in the nursery.

The period of full fruiting of cherries, depending on the variety, begins at 8-12 years of age.

Cherry sizes

By size, cherry varieties are also divided into three groups:

Stunted. A tree, or more often a bush, whose height does not exceed 2 m.

Medium-sized. The plant is 2-4 m high.

Tall. Cherry, the height of which reaches 6-7 m or more.

Plant size is not constant. With poor care, the cherry will be lower than the declared size, and with an excess of nitrogen fertilizers, it will be higher. And in fact, and in another case, the yield and quality of the fruits will suffer.

Harvest time

With this, everything seems to be clear. The varieties are:

Early ripe. Begins to bear fruit in late June - early July.

Mid-season. Harvested in July.

Late ripening. Cherries ripen in August.

Attention! These dates are very approximate and are given for the main territory of Russia. In Ukraine, for example, by the end of July, even most late varieties manage to finish fruiting.

Remember, the further south the region is, the earlier the cherry ripens.

Purpose of fruits

Cherry varieties are divided into three groups:

Technical. Usually they have small sour berries with a high content of vitamins and other useful elements. Eating them fresh is a dubious pleasure. But these cherries make the best jams, juices, and wines.

Universal. Berries are suitable for processing and fresh consumption.

Canteens. They are often called dessert. The fruits are very beautiful and tasty, they contain a lot of sugar and little acid. Such cherries are good to eat fresh, but the processed products from them are mediocre. They are distinguished by a "flat" taste and weak aroma.

Woody cherry shape

The cultivated cherry is divided into two groups according to the shape of the plant:

Shrub. It combines steppe cherry and those ordinary varieties that grow in the form of a multi-stemmed low bush. Usually this group is more resistant to frost than the tree group. It bears fruit mainly on last year's shoots.

Tree-like. It combines most varieties of common cherries. Forms one trunk and bears fruit mostly on bouquet branches, less often on annual shoots. Drought-resistant.

Features of the fruit

Cherry fruits are divided into two unequal groups:

Morels or griots. The juice of most varieties of steppe and common cherries is colored deep red. It stains hands, has a pronounced aroma and sourness noticeable even in table varieties.

Amoreli. Cherry varieties with pink fruits and light juice. They are much smaller, they are sweeter.

A short dictionary of hybrids

Lately, many hybrids have been created. Last but not least, this is due to the desire to develop cherry varieties that are resistant to diseases, capable of withstanding severe frosts. In addition, residents of cold regions do not give up the hope of getting cherry trees suitable for growing in the North into their gardens.

Duke. A hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry.

Cerapadus. A hybrid of cherry and bird cherry Maak, where the mother plant is cherry.

Padocerus. The result of crossing cherry with bird cherry, mother plant - bird cherry Maak.

The best varieties: how to choose cherries and not be disappointed

Often, amateur gardeners complain that their cherries do not bear fruit well, often get sick, and in general they are disillusioned with this culture. And the reason may be that they choose the wrong varieties.

  1. Plant only cherries that are specific to your region or regionalized. It would be a mistake to believe that southern varieties will not grow in the North, but on the contrary - easily. If you really decide to take a chance, take the trouble to go to the nursery for the cherries. There is a golden rule of planting a "wrong" crop. If you would like to grow a variety for a region farther south than yours, buy it from a nursery in the north and vice versa.
  2. Think about how your cherry will be pollinated. Even self-fertile varieties will give the best yield when cross-pollinated. For example, the famous Lyubskaya, depending on the region, gives an average of 12-15 or 25 kg per bush. But in the presence of "correct" pollinators, its yield can exceed 50 kg. Plant cherries in pairs, ask your neighbors what varieties they grow. The pollination radius is 40 m, which is not so small. As a last resort, plant a branch of the desired variety on the tree.
  3. Think carefully about which cherries to plant. Don't neglect technical varieties! The dining rooms look nice and it's a pleasure to eat them fresh. But the juice and jam from them are mediocre. Their taste is flat, "none". Have you ever wondered why only sweet cherries are not planted in Ukraine? It does not grow in every area. And try to find even a tiny courtyard without cherries, you will search for a long time. Sweet berries have been eaten and forgotten, but jam and juice will delight us until the next harvest, diversifying the diet and replenishing the lack of vitamins.
  4. Looking at the characteristics of cherries, correlate the yield with the habit of the plant.
  5. The size of the tree. Think carefully about what height cherry you will have "to the yard". 6-7 kg of fruits collected from a two-meter tree or bush will all be eaten or processed. But the 7-meter cherry, which gives 60 kg of berries, will feed the birds, the caterpillar (it is difficult to process it), the crop will simply rot or dry out.
  6. Residents of the northern regions, do not chase early varieties! They usually bloom early too, it is difficult for them to escape from recurrent frosts and wait for the release of beneficial pollinating insects. It is better to get a decent harvest in two weeks or even a month than to admire the flowering annually and buy cherries on the market.
  7. Manure! It has nothing to do with varieties, but it cannot be ignored. The fact that cherries are very fond of manure is written in almost every article devoted to this culture. But we read it and happily forget it. But the famous Ukrainian cherry orchards began to decline not when coccomycosis began to rage, but much earlier! They lost most of their attractiveness and fertility when the cow became a rarity on the farm! If you want an exemplary cherry - ferment it!

Classification

Now we will briefly consider the features of the varieties of ordinary cherry, steppe and Bessei (sandy). You can read more about them in other articles on our site, as well as about varieties of felt cherries.

Most of the information can be obtained in the tables, where the culture is broken down by the timing of fruiting. Note:

  1. Varieties with other fruiting periods are often used as pollinators. This is due to the flowering time - for cherries, from the moment the buds open to harvest, the timing varies.
  2. If a variety is intended for southern regions and is frost-resistant there, one should not hope that it will withstand the low temperatures of the Urals or the Moscow region.
  3. The yield column often says “from the bush” or “from the tree”. This reflects the woody shape of the cherry.
  4. If you do not have the ability or desire to process plants after flowering, choose cherry varieties resistant to coccomycosis and moniliosis.

Early ripe cherry varieties

These cherry varieties are the first to bear fruit.

Variety name

Ripening period, month

Yield

Disease resistance

Characteristic

(frost resistance, drought resistance)

Self-pollination

(is it or not)

Pollinators

Dessert Morozova

Mid june

About 20 kg per tree

High

Drought resistance - direct, frost resistance in the south - increased

Partially self-fertile

Griot Ostheimsky, Griot Rossoshansky, Vladimirskaya, Student

Zherdevskaya Beauty

June

107 c / ha

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Vladimirskaya, Lyubskaya

Sap

End of June

100 centners / ha

High

High

Self-sterile

Vianok, Novodvorskaya

Dawn of the Volga region

End of June

Up to 12 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Any varieties of cherries

Memory of Yenikeev

End of June

Up to 15 kg per tree

Average

Good drought resistance, moderate frost resistance

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya, Surprise

Gift for teachers

First days of July

7-10 kg per tree

Average

High

Partially self-fertile

Other cherries blooming in mid-May

Vocation (Rosinka, Samsonovka Melitopol)

End of June

Up to 28 kg per tree

High

Good in the south

Self-sterile

In memory of Yenikeev, Youth, Sania, Chocolate girl, Griot of Moscow, Baby (Saratov Baby)

Saratov Baby (Baby)

End of June

Medium - 14.6 kg

High

High

Self-sterile

Nord Star, Turgenevka, Lyubskaya

Cherry (Chereshenka)

June

Up to 15 kg

High

Average

Partially self-fertile

Kurchatovskaya, Troitskaya, Lighthouse, Lyubskaya

Miracle (Miracle cherry)

End of June

Up to 10 kg

High

Low

Self-sterile

Cherries Donchanka, Household, Annushka, Sister

Spank Dwarf

End of June - beginning of July

Up to 35 kg

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Flaming, Brunette, Chocolate Girl

Shpanka Bryanskaya

End of June - beginning of July

Up to 40 kg

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Griot Ostheimsky, Persistent, Griot Ukrainian, Chocolate girl, Dawn of Tataria, Lighthouse

Shpanka Shimskaya

End of June - beginning of July

Up to 50 kg

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Chocolate Girl, Griot Ostheimsky, Lighthouse, Persistent

Dessert Morozova

Zherdeevskaya Beauty

Memory of Yenikeev

Saratov Baby

Miracle

Spank Dwarf

Mid-season

The largest group. From mid-season varieties, you can choose cherries for every taste.

Variety name

Ripening period, month

Yield

Disease resistance

Characteristic

(frost resistance, drought resistance)

Self-pollination

(is it or not)

Pollinators

Altai Swallow

End of july

4-8.5 kg per bush

Average

High

Partially self-fertile

Zhelannaya, Subbotinskaya, Maskimovskaya, Selivestrovskaya

Anthracite

Mid july

Up to 18 kg per tree

Average

Winter hardiness - good, drought resistance - mediocre

Partially self-fertile

Night, Vladimirskaya, Shubinka, Chocolate girl, Lyubskaya

Assol

Early July

About 7 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Biryusinka

July

Up to 20 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Ural Ruby

Bogatyrka

July

5-8 kg per bush

Average

High

Partially self-fertile

Lyubskaya, Troitskaya, Kurchatovskaya, Chereshenka

Bolotovskaya

Early august

8-11 kg per bush

Low

High

Self-fertile

Any varieties of cherries

Brunette

End of july

10-12 kg per tree

Average

Above average

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Bulatnikovskaya

July

10-12 kg per tree

To coccomycosis - good, to moniliosis - mediocre

Average

Self-fertile

Kharitonovskaya, Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya

Bystrinka

Mid july

About 18 kg per tree

Average

High

Partially self-fertile

Vladimirskaya, Kharitonovka, Zhukovskaya, Morozovka

Vladimirskaya

Mid july

In the middle lane - up to 25 kg per tree, in the Leningrad region - up to 5 kg

Low

Frost resistance of wood is good, flower buds are mediocre.

Low drought tolerance

Self-sterile

Turgenevka, Amorel Pink, Griot Moscow, Lyubskaya, Consumer Black, Rustunya, Fertile Michurina, Lotovaya, Vasilievskaya

Volochaevka

End of july

12-15 kg per tree

High

Good frost resistance, mediocre drought resistance

Self-fertile

Griot Moscow, Generous, Lyubskaya

A meeting

End of july

Up to 25 kg per tree

High

Good drought resistance, low frost resistance

Self-sterile

Minx, Somsonovka, Lyubskaya, Perceptible

Vianok

Mid july

Up to 25 kg per tree

Average

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Garland

In the south - at the end of June

Up to 25 kg per tree

To coccomycosis - mediocre, to moniliosis - good

Drought resistance - mediocre, frost resistance - good

Self-fertile

Any varieties of cherries

Griot of Moscow

Mid to late July

8-9 kg per tree

Average

Above average

Self-sterile

Vladimirskaya, Flask Pink

Dessert Volzhskaya

Mid july

About 18 kg per tree

Average

Good winter hardiness, drought tolerance - mediocre

Self-fertile

Ukrainka, Vladimirskaya, Dawn of the Volga region, Rastunya, Finaevskaya

The desired

End of july

7-12 kg per bush

Low

Average

Partially self-fertile

Altai Swallow, Maksimovskaya, Subbotinskaya, Selivertovskaya

Zhukovskaya

Mid july

Up to 30 kg

High

Drought resistance is good, winter hardiness is mediocre

Self-sterile

Lyubskaya, Consumer goods Black, Vladimirskaya, Griot Ostgeimsky, Apukhinskaya, Youth

Zagoryevskaya

End of July - beginning of August

13-14 kg per tree

Average

Drought tolerance good, frost tolerance mediocre

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya, Shubinka, Vladimirskaya

Star

July

Up to 20 kg per tree

Average

High

Partially self-fertile

Vianok, Seedling No. 1

Cinderella

Mid july

10-15 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Droplet

July

Up to 20 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Nurse

First half of July

Highly dependent on the presence of pollinators

High

High

Self-sterile

Cherries Iput, Tyutchevka, Revna, Fatezh

Lebedyanskaya

Second half of July

7-8 kg per tree

High

Average

Self-sterile

Turgenevka, Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Morozovka

Lighthouse

End of July - beginning of August

Depending on the region, from 5 to 15 kg per tree

Low

Good drought resistance, moderate frost resistance

Partially self-fertile

Generous, Vole

Youth

End of july

10-12 kg per tree

Average

Good

Self-fertile

Nord-Star, Lyubskaya, Vuzovskaya, Turgenevskaya, cherry

Morozovka

Second half of July

Up to 15 kg per tree

High

High

Self-sterile

Griot Michurinsky, Lebedyanskaya, Zhukovskaya

Mtsenskaya

End of july

7-10 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Hope

End of June - beginning of July

Average 21 kg per tree

High

In the recommended regions, good

Self-fertile

Any varieties of cherries

Novella

Mid july

Average 15 kg per tree

High

Average

Partially self-fertile

Griot Ostheimsky, Vladimirskaya, Shokoladnitsa

Novodvorskaya

Mid july

Up to 20 kg per tree

To coccomycosis - mediocre, to moniliosis - good

High

Partially self-fertile

Vianok, Seedling No. 1, Vladimirskaya, Lyubskaya

Night

End of july

10 kg per tree

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Youth, Lyubskaya, Nord Star, Meteor

Ob

Mid to late July

1.7-3.8 kg per bush

Low

High

Partially self-fertile

Altai Swallow, Subbotinskaya, Maksimovskaya

Octave

Mid july

Up to 40 kg per tree

Average

Average

Partially self-fertile

Griot Moskovsky, Shokoladnitsa, Lyubskaya

In memory of Mashkin

Mid july

On average 40 c / ha

Average

Average

Partially self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Podbelskaya

Mid June - early July

Strongly depends on the place of cultivation, the average yield in the Krasnodar Territory is 12 kg, in the Crimea - 76 kg per tree

Average

Average

Self-sterile

English Early, Griot Ostheim, Lotova, Mei Duke, Anadolskaya

Putinka

End of july

On average 80 c / ha

Average

Good

Partially self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Radonezh (Radonezh)

Early July

On average 50 c / ha

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Vladimirskaya, Lyubskaya, Turgenevka

Rossoshanskaya Black

End of June - beginning of July

About 15 kg per tree

Low

In the south - good

Partially self-fertile

Zhukovskaya, Vladimirskaya

Spartan

Mid july

Up to 15 kg per tree

High

High

Self-sterile

Cherries and cherries with similar flowering times

Troitskaya

Mid - end of July

8-10 kg per tree

Average

Average

Partially self-fertile

Bogatyrskaya, Gradskaya, Standard of the Urals, Kurchatovskaya

Turgenevka (Turgenevskaya)

Beginning - mid-July

20-25 kg per tree

Average

Winter hardiness of wood is good, flower buds are mediocre, drought resistance is good

Partially self-fertile

Favorite, Lyubskaya, Youth, Griot Moskovsky

Fairy

End of June

10-12 kg per tree

High

Direct drought resistance, good winter hardiness in the south

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya, Turgenevka, Vladimirskaya

Kharitonovskaya

Mid july

15-20 kg per tree

High

Good resistance to drought, moderate to frost

Partially self-fertile

Zhukovskaya, Vladimirskaya

Khutoryanka

End of June - beginning of July

18-20 kg per tree

Medium to coccomycosis, high to moniliosis

High

Self-fertile

Lyubskaya

Black Large

End of June

Average 15 kg per tree

Weak

Good in the south

Self-sterile

Kent, Griot Ostheim

Blackcork

End of June - beginning of July

Depending on agricultural technology 30-60 kg

Weak

Good in the south

Self-sterile

Cherry Lyubskaya, cherries Donchanka, Aelita, Yaroslavna

Minx

Second half of June

Up to 40 kg per tree

High

Good in the south

Self-sterile

Cherry Chernokorka, Samsonovka, Vinka cherry

Consumer goods Black

Mid july

Up to 10 kg

Low

Average

Self-sterile

Rastunya, Lyubskaya, Vladimirskaya, Zhukovskaya, Griot Ostgeimsky

Chocolate girl

First half of July

About 10 kg

Low

High

Self-fertile

Vladimirskaya, Flask Pink

Generous (Maksimovskaya)

End of july

4-8.4 kg per bush

High

High

Self-sterile

Altai Swallow, Zhelannaya, Subbotinskaya, Seliverstovskaya

Altai Swallow

Anthracite

Biryusinka

Bolotovskaya

Brunette

Vladimirskaya

Garland

Dessert Volzhskaya

Zhukovskaya

Star

Nurse

Lighthouse

Mtsenskaya

Novella

Night

Podbelskaya

Rossoshanskaya Black

Turgenevka

Fairy

Kharitonovskaya

Chocolate girl

Late ripening

These cherry varieties are perfect for colder regions. They are guaranteed to get away from spring frosts.

Variety name

Ripening period, month

Yield

Disease resistance

Characteristic

(frost resistance, drought resistance)

Self-pollination

(is it or not)

Pollinators

Ashinskaya (Alatyrskaya)

Mid august

8-10 kg per tree

High

Average

Partially self-fertile

Ural Ruby, Abundant, Dream of the Trans-Urals

Apukhtinskaya

August

about 20 kg per tree

High

Average

Self-fertile

Happiness, Youth, Lyubskaya

Besseya

Since August

Up to 30 kg per bush

High

High

Self-sterile

Other varieties of sand cherry

Brusnitsyna

August

Up to 20 kg per bush

High

High

Self-fertile

Lighthouse

Winter Garnet

Mid august

Up to 10 kg per bush

High

High

Self-fertile

Sand cherry

Igritskaya

August

Up to 25 kg per tree

High

High

Partially self-fertile

The same age, Abundant

Lyubskaya

Depending on the region - from late July to mid-August

Depending on the region - from 10-12 to 25 kg per tree

Average

Average

Self-fertile

Vladimirskaya, Anadolskaya, Zhukovskaya, Fertile Michurina, Lotovaya

Robin

Early august

Up to 15 t / ha

Medium to low

Good

Self-sterile

Shubinka, Vladimirskaya, Lyubskaya

Dream of the Trans-Urals

Mid august

On average - 67 c / ha

Average

High

Self-fertile

Izobilnaya, Ural Ruby, Ashinskaya

Michurinskaya

End of july

Up to 60 kg per tree

High

Average

Self-sterile

Cherries Michurinka, Pink Pearls

Nord Star (Northstar)

Early to mid-August

15-20 kg per tree

High

High

Partially self-fertile

Meteor, Nefris, Oblachinskaya

Prima

End of july

20-25 kg per tree

Average

High

Self-sterile

Shubinka, Zhukovskaya, Lyubskaya, Vladimirskaya

Tamaris

End of July - beginning of August

About 10 kg per tree

High

High

Self-fertile

Turgenevka, Lyubskaya, Zhukovskaya

Ural Ruby

Second half of August

6-10 kg per bush

Average

High

Self-sterile

Alatyrskaya, Vole, Generous, Lighthouse, Zagrebinskaya

Shubinka

Early august

Up to 18 kg

Average

High

Self-sterile

Lyubskaya, Griot Moscow, Consumer goods Black, Saika, Vladimirskaya

Ashinskaya

Igritskaya

Lyubskaya

Dream of the Trans-Urals

Michurinskaya

Tamaris

Ural Ruby

Large-fruited varieties

The largest fruits are distinguished by dukes - hybrids with cherries, their size can reach 10 g. Usually large berries have a dessert taste. The largest-fruited:

  • Turquoise;
  • Bogatyrka;
  • Brusnitsyna;
  • A meeting;
  • Garland;
  • Zherdeevskaya Beauty;
  • Zhukovskaya;
  • Dawn of the Volga region;
  • Nurse of the Moscow Region;
  • Michurinskaya;
  • Frosting;
  • Hope;
  • Night;
  • Putinka;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Spartan woman;
  • Tamaris;
  • Fairy;
  • Kharitonovskaya;
  • Black Large;
  • Blackcork;
  • Miracle;
  • Minx;
  • Spank Dwarf.

Self-pollinated varieties

Self-fertile varieties in small areas are especially popular. Even alone, they are able to give 40-50% of the possible harvest. Self-pollinated cherry varieties include:

  • Assol;
  • Apukhinskaya;
  • Turquoise;
  • Bolotovskaya;
  • Brusnitsyna;
  • Brunette;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Volochaevka;
  • Vianok;
  • Garland;
  • Dessert Volzhskaya;
  • Zagoryevskaya;
  • Dawn of the Volga region;
  • Winter Pomegranate;
  • Cinderella;
  • Droplet;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Dream of the Trans-Urals;
  • Youth;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Hope;
  • Memory of Yenikeev;
  • Tamaris;
  • Fairy;
  • Farmer;
  • Chocolate girl.

Sweet cherry varieties

It's nice to eat sweet cherries straight from the tree in the summer. Especially carefully selected varieties are those with children growing up. Some of the sweetest include:

  • Ashinskaya;
  • Besseya;
  • Turquoise;
  • Bogatyrka;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Volochaevka;
  • A meeting;
  • Garland;
  • Dessert Morozova;
  • Zherdyaevskaya Beauty;
  • Sap;
  • Zhukovskaya;
  • Winter Pomegranate;
  • Igritskaya;
  • Nurse of the Moscow Region;
  • Lighthouse;
  • Frosting;
  • Night;
  • Octave;
  • Memory of Yenikeev;
  • In memory of Mashkin;
  • Radonezh;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Spartan woman;
  • Tamaris;
  • Fairy;
  • Black Large;
  • Blackcork;
  • Miracle;
  • Chocolate girl;
  • Spunk.

Cherry and cherry hybrid

Sweet cherry grows only in the south, all efforts to regionalize it in cold regions have not yet been crowned with success. But even Ivan Michurin began to cross cherries and sweet cherries in Russia at the end of the 19th century. Dukes include:

  • Bogatyrka;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Garland;
  • Zhukovskaya;
  • Nurse of the Moscow Region;
  • Lighthouse;
  • Michurinskaya;
  • Hope;
  • Night;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Spartan woman;
  • Fairy;
  • Kharitonovskaya;
  • Miracle;
  • Consumer goods Black;
  • Spunk.

It should be noted that thanks to the genes of the cherry, all these cherry varieties are resistant to moniliosis and coccomycosis.

Dwarf (undersized) cherry

Low varieties of cherries are especially appreciated in small suburban areas:

  • Anthracite;
  • Altai Swallow;
  • Bolotovskaya;
  • Bystrinka;
  • Besseya;
  • A meeting;
  • Dawn of the Volga region;
  • Winter Pomegranate;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Lighthouse;
  • Youth;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Ob;
  • In memory of Mashkin;
  • Vocation;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Tamaris;
  • Ural Ruby;
  • Chocolate girl;
  • Spank Dwarf;
  • Generous (Maksimovskaya).

The best cherry varieties for the Moscow region

Today there are many cherries that are suitable for cultivation in the Central regions of Russia. It is best to choose varieties, the flowering time of which allows you to get away from spring frosts - medium and late fruiting.

Self-fertile varieties of cherries

Self-fertile varieties of cherries for the Moscow region are quite enough. There is plenty to choose from:

  • Assol;
  • Apukhinskaya;
  • Brunette;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Volochaevskaya;
  • Cinderella;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Youth;
  • Memory of Yenikeev;
  • Tamaris;
  • Chocolate girl.

Of course, in the Moscow region, you can grow self-fertile varieties intended for other, adjacent areas. We have provided a list of cherries bred specifically for the Central region.

Undersized

What sort of cherry is better to plant in the suburbs in a small area? Of course, undersized. And if you graft 1-2 branches of a pollinator variety into it, you get a tree-garden in general. Among the small cherries suitable for cultivation in the Central Region, the following should be highlighted:

  • Anthracite;
  • Bystrinka;
  • Winter Pomegranate;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Youth;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Lighthouse;
  • In memory of Mashkin;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Tamaris;
  • Chocolate girl;
  • Spank Dwarf.

Sweet

Residents of the Moscow region pay special attention to varieties with a dessert taste. Not many cherries can pick up enough sugar in cooler climates. You should pay attention to the following varieties:

  • Ashinskaya;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Volochaevskaya;
  • Griot of Moscow;
  • Sap;
  • Zhukovskaya;
  • Winter Pomegranate;
  • Igritskaya;
  • Nurse of the Moscow Region;
  • Lighthouse;
  • Frosting;
  • Michurinskaya;
  • Octave;
  • In memory of Mashkin;
  • Memory of Yenikeev;
  • Radonezh;
  • Saratov Baby;
  • Spartan woman;
  • Tamaris;
  • Dwarf spank;
  • Shpanka Bryanskaya;
  • Chocolate girl.

The best cherry varieties for the Urals with a photo

The harsh climate of the Urals with an uneven distribution of precipitation requires particularly careful selection of varieties. We recommend paying attention to the following cherries:

  • Altai Swallow;
  • Ashinskaya;
  • Besseya;
  • Turquoise;
  • Bogatyrka;
  • Bolotovskaya;
  • Brusnitsyna;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Dessert Volzhskaya;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Robin;
  • Dream of the Trans-Urals;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Ob;
  • Troitskaya;
  • Ural Ruby;
  • Shpanka Shimskaya;
  • Generous (Maksimovskaya).

Cherry varieties for Siberia

Only medium and late ripening varieties are suitable for growing in Siberia. Most often, steppe cherry cultivars are planted there, better tolerating the vagaries of changeable weather. It is worth paying attention to Besseya (sandy). Unfortunately, in Russia so far little attention is paid to this cherry, and the North American varieties have not been tested in our country.

In Siberia, the following are grown:

  • Altai Swallow;
  • Besseya;
  • Turquoise;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Zherdyaevskaya Beauty;
  • Desired;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Ob;
  • Ural Ruby;
  • Shubinka;
  • Chocolate girl;
  • Shpanka Shimskaya;
  • Generous (Maksimovskaya).

The best cherry varieties for the Leningrad region

It is difficult to grow cherries in the Northwest. But every year new varieties appear - this densely populated region, fruit crops are in demand. In the Leningrad region, you can grow:

  • Altai Swallow;
  • Besseya;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Zherdyaevskaya Beauty;
  • Desired;
  • Star;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Frosting;
  • Shubinka;
  • Ural Ruby.

Cherry varieties for the Krasnodar Territory and southern regions

A large selection of cherries from residents of warm regions. Large-fruited and sweet dukes grow well there, varieties of any ripening period, including early ones. It is worth paying attention to cultivars that tolerate heat and drought well. Cherry varieties for the Krasnodar Territory and southern regions:

  • Ashinskaya;
  • A meeting;
  • Garland;
  • Droplet;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Frosting;
  • Hope;
  • Novella;
  • Night;
  • Podbelskaya;
  • Vocation;
  • Prima;
  • Rossoshanskaya;
  • Tamaris;
  • Turgenevka;
  • Fairy;
  • Kharitonovka;
  • Farmer;
  • Blackcork;
  • Black Large;
  • Miracle;
  • Minx;
  • Spunk.

The best cherry varieties for the middle lane and the Chernozem region

Cherry feels comfortable in central Russia. It grows well on black soil at moderate temperatures throughout the year. You should pay attention to the varieties:

  • Anthracite;
  • Bystrinka;
  • Vladimirskaya;
  • Griot of Moscow;
  • Dessert Morozova;
  • Zherdeevskaya Beauty;
  • Zhukovskaya;
  • Zhivitsa;
  • Igritskaya;
  • Lebedyanskaya;
  • Robin;
  • Frosting;
  • Novella;
  • In memory of Mashkin;
  • Gift for Teachers;
  • Podbelskaya;
  • Putinka;
  • Rossoshanskaya;
  • Radonezh;
  • Spartan woman;
  • Turgenevka;
  • Kharitonovskaya;
  • Cherry;
  • Black Large;
  • Shubinka;
  • Shpanka Bryanskaya.

Separately, I would like to highlight self-fertile cherry varieties for the middle lane:

  • Assol;
  • Brunette;
  • Bulatnikovskaya;
  • Volochaevka;
  • Dessert Volzhskaya;
  • Droplet;
  • Lyubskaya;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Youth;
  • Mtsenskaya;
  • Youth;
  • Hope;
  • Memory of Yenikeev;
  • Tamaris;
  • Fairy;
  • Farmer;
  • Chocolate girl.

Conclusion

As you can see, there are many varieties of cherries, everyone can find exactly what they need. We hope that our article and the photos posted in it will help you with your choice.


Watch the video: Do Cherry Trees Need a Pollinator? (December 2022).

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