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Gardeners appreciate the many flowers that can be planted without problems in the garden and thereby decorate the area. Among them, cornflowers - wonderful, rainbow-colored flowers, the species of which, thanks to breeders, have become quite numerous. Let us learn how to properly plant cornflowers in the ground and take care of them.
Cornflower is a wonderful-looking flower with many popular names - blavat, commotion, hairworm, bobylnik and others. This plant has long been repeatedly described in fairy tales and legends, and was also used as an epithet or an accompanying word in epics and poems. And not in vain, because the plant really deserves respect and attention. Today in the world there are more than 500 species of cornflowers that grow well in Europe, Asia and America.
Cornflower is a decorative-growing plant that can grow from 40 to 120 cm. It is decorated with cirrus-dissected or whole leaves, which are arranged in the next order on the stem. Flowers are an enviable variety of shades and shapes for every gardener and breeder - blue, purple, cyan, pink, whitish, yellow.
A beautiful and stately flower pleases the eye from the end of June until August. In gardening, annual and perennial varieties are distinguished, which combine ease of care, endurance and amazing attractiveness.
Arrangement of plants in the garden
In order for the boblins to grow strong and their flowering to be bright and long, of course, they need to choose the right place in the garden. It should be an open, well-lit area. Since the flowers are photophilous, when planting you must definitely observe a certain distance between the bushes by plants, which, depending on the species, can be from 15 to 50 cm.
This is necessary so that the seedlings do not obscure each other. When planting in flowerbeds, in palisades, in small flower beds, one should observe a first-order planting on the south side so that sunlight is evenly distributed on the leaves of plants.
Cornflowers require moderate watering. Basically, plants tolerate even drought, this refers to cornflower large-headed, Russian, Marshall, musky and blue. These species have a fairly well developed core system, which allows them to easily survive even the driest summers. These species should be watered very rarely, no more than once every 2-3 weeks. Other varieties are preferred to moderately moist soils.
On their list: mountain cornflower, Phrygian, meadow, soft, blue, Fisher cornflower. At the same time, there is a common feature that combines absolutely all types of flower underneath - they absolutely cannot tolerate overmoistening.
A larger number of bobylnikov prefers fertile soil, rich in humus. It should be neutral in acidity. However, there are species that grow well in alkaline soil - Marshall cornflower, musky, Russian and mountain. It is advisable to often remove weeds around the plant, loosen the soil, preventing over-compaction. It is worth noting that the soil is required to not only be prepared and selected on demand, but also to act on it, that is, if the soil is clay - add sand, acidic - lime every 2-3 years. The liming process should take place in the pre-winter period by spreading lime on the soil surface with a layer of not more than 1 cm. Dolomite limestone can also be used for this.
Fertilizing flowers in the garden
Like any other plant, cornflowers require not only careful care, but also fertilizing the soil in which they grow. This should be done once every 12-14 days, using a special complex of fertilizers. Quantity - about 20 - 30 grams per square meter of planting. This top dressing is able to provide cornflowers with vitality and long flowering. But do not overdo it with top dressing, as an overdose can cause a plant disease. Do not forget to feed the soil before wintering, this will give additional strength and give flowers the opportunity to more tolerate cold weather.
Propagation of flower culture
Cornflowers are propagated in two ways - by dividing the bush and seeds.
Landing and transplantation takes place in the period from August 10 to 30. The bush selected for division is dug up, ground shoots are cut off at a distance of about 10 cm from the root system. The roots are washed in clean water and cut with a sharp knife into several parts, so that each of them has a daughter kidney. Further, each individual part is planted in the prepared soil. Wells are best fertilized with compost, sprinkling it with a layer of up to five centimeters.
Annual varieties are planted and propagated only by seeds. Sowing them is necessary in early May. It is best if the seeds immediately fall into the open ground. If the plant was originally grown indoors, in a pot, then it should initially be placed in a peat cup and planted in the soil directly in it, since cornflowers do not tolerate such transplants.
Perennial varieties should be planted in open ground in October - November or in spring, in April. The first seedlings will appear within 10-14 days after planting, but you can see the flowering only in the second year.
Cornflowers do not need any special protective measures, as they are very resistant to diseases. Sometimes they can be affected by Fusarium - dark spots on the leaves. A similar disease is easily eliminated by chemical treatment with fazazole.
Also, for hardening and plant prevention, professional gardeners often use folk remedies - spraying plants with infusion of fresh cow manure or foliar irrigation with the same composition, as well as sprinkling with ashes. If the disease does not go away, then damaged shoots should be cut off and burned to prevent the spread of the disease.
How to grow cornflowers
Now you know exactly how to grow cornflowers, what you need to feed these wonderful flowers and how to propagate them in the plot, but there are still some interesting facts that we would like to share with you. It turns out that plant material from a flower is often used in medicine. We will not detail each recipe and methods of application, but simply mention that the flower is quite successfully used in gynecology, eye disease, skin diseases, cuts and fractures, cosmetology, colds, and so on. In addition, cornflowers can also be used to raise a person's appetite, giving him a pleasant herbal decoction.