It is incredibly pleasant when the beautiful flowers growing in our dachas are also useful. Today we came up with the idea to tell you about such a wonderful plant as the frangipani, about its medicinal properties and the positive effect on the human body, about growing, reproduction and harvesting.
This is an unusually beautiful, evergreen, perennial herb native to Siberia and reaches a height of 50 cm. Most often found on rocky slopes and rocks. The leaves of the plant are dark green in color, juicy and large, rounded and heart-shaped. By autumn, the leaves take on a redder and sometimes crimson color. Flowering is quite early, just a few weeks after the snow has melted. Flowering small, collected in inflorescences of pink flowers lasts about a month. Another charming fact is that the incense is slowly “crawling” around the site, due to the annual growth of the rhizome.
Badan has a set of medicinal properties that are used in modern medicine. They are determined by the chemical composition. The main part of the substances is contained in the rhizome - gallic acid, tannins, ascorbic acid, carotene, starch, sugar and others.
Medicines prepared on the basis of plant materials have a pronounced bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effect, they condense the vascular system of the human body, narrowing the blood vessels. After internal administration, these drugs weaken intestinal motility and secretion of the digestive glands.
In modern medicine, rhizome is used. As we already mentioned, it contains many substances that have certain properties - astringents, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and hemostatic. At home, prepare a decoction. To do this, 10 g of the plant is poured with 200 grams of boiling water and heated for half an hour in a water bath. The broth is filtered hot. Take a decoction should be 1-2 tbsp. l 3 times a day, strictly before meals.
Rhizomes of plants are used in folk medicine, as well as medicine in Tibet. Special preparations are prepared from rhizomes, which strengthen the walls of blood vessels, strengthen heart contractions and slightly lower pressure. Use such decoctions and as anti-inflammatory drugs - with stomatitis, tonsillitis, and even in gynecology.
Contain nutrients and leaves of incense. In addition, phenol-glycoside arbutin is present in the leaves, disinfecting the urinary tract and kidneys.
Badan is winter-hardy and shade-tolerant. It grows well in bright places and normally feels in the shade and partial shade. In the open sunny space, he feels a little depressed and does not grow like in the shade. The plant is moderately unpretentious and ceases to bloom in complete shade. Poorly transplanted.
It is recommended to plant frankincense from the northwest, northeast, and also from the north side of stony sites.
During severe cold weather, freezing of leaves and blackening of peduncles is possible, which means that in our climate the plant should be planted in places that are at least slightly protected from frost.
A complete recreation of natural conditions is desirable, only in this case the incense will grow at full strength, and retain all the beneficial properties inside. You can, of course, try to recreate the soil conditions, but it is too difficult to do. Then it’s just possible to copy its approximate composition - 1 part of turf land and 2 parts of small pebbles and sand. Try to bypass the loam or dilute it with crushed stone and sand.
The best substrate can be considered light turf soil, but it can be replaced by another composition - 1/1 sand, 1/3 compost or humus and 1/3 loamy soil. Also remember that the incense does not tolerate stagnation of water, but grows pretty well even near water bodies if the soil is properly drained.
The healing properties of frankincense
It is best to plant the incense in spring time, or in early August. Initially, you need to prepare the soil, remove its correct composition, remove as many weeds as possible, that is, to clear the earth to the maximum. Next, dig a shallow hole, not more than 30 cm and place the rhizome in it. It is only halfway to fill it up. Try not to break or crush the rhizome and give it complete freedom in the hole.
Ideal is the option of landing in a spacious hole with water. Lower the rhizome into a puddle and slowly wake up to the required level with earth. In this case, the lumps of earth become soaked, and no unnecessary air remains in the hole. Tamp the planting a little and be sure to mulch the top layer with peat or sawdust. In this case, and provided that the hole is well saturated with water, the next watering will be needed only after a week.
It is advisable to arrange for the plant timely and regular watering, just remember the overabundance and stagnation of moisture, which the plant does not tolerate.
In the spring, try to thoroughly clean the incense from last year's, dried shoots and foliage, slightly shorten the long shoots.
Responsive flower to fertilizer. In the period before and after flowering, you can safely make complex mineral fertilizers. After waiting several weeks after flowering, feed the plant with Kemira-Kombi full mineral fertilizer, 1 tbsp. l per bucket of water, per 2 m2. At this point, the maturation and aging of the leaves is activated, which begin to change color, slowly turning into a brown hue.
If the incense grows on the outskirts of your site, then you can not clean the plant of old leaves, gradually falling, they create a kind of protection on the surface of the soil from evaporation of moisture, thereby saving the rhizome from overheating. If the incense grows on homestead flower beds and these leaves, according to aesthetic properties, must be removed, then do not forget about timely watering and mulching.
Badan can exist normally in one place for about ten years. It does not require special protection from frost and constant transfers to a new place.
This is a fairly lengthy process, requiring strength and patience.
Badan seeds are quite small, up to 2 mm, smooth, black in color. The first few years, seedlings develop very slowly, forming small rosettes, whose growth is no more than 2.5 cm. They require regular supervision and watering. In winter, seedlings are covered with a thick layer of dried leaves, open only in spring. In the same period, seedlings dive. The best substrate is the same as for adult plants, a third of the parts of compost, sand and loamy soil. The best way to propagate a canoe by seed is to plant it early in the spring, which can even be put out in the snow and put into heat only at the end of March. Seedlings should be planted in a permanent place in the second year, after the middle and until the end of summer.
Badan: precious plant
For cuttings it is necessary to choose the strongest plants, that is, with an average age. For planting, separate the part with the outlet and the apical kidney. Next, you should remove almost all the leaves, leaving only a few. Under favorable conditions, cuttings root well. It is best to plant them at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other, immersing the outlet in a properly prepared soil, to the very bottom. Next, take care of an adult plant.
Diseases and Pests
The frangipani is quite resistant to diseases and pests. However, if the correct growing conditions are not met, then the plants may be affected by spotting. The leaves are covered immediately by sharp, blackened, rounded brown spots, which later become brownish-gray. The underside of the leaves is covered with a whitish coating. The fungal disease is resistant to frost, but is simply neutralized by cutting off diseased leaves with pruning shears or spraying with Bordeaux liquid, copper-containing preparations and foundationazole.
Harvesting vegetable raw materials
Since the plant has some useful properties, that is, an incentive to grow it specifically for harvesting. It occurs by a rather simple method - rhizomes are harvested in early spring or autumn, leaves - during the entire warm season. Rhizomes for harvesting are thoroughly washed with running water, cut into pieces and dried in the shade. Well-prepared raw materials can preserve the healing properties for several years.
Types of Frankincense
In addition to the thick-leaved, on the territory of our sites other types of frankincense can be planted:
- hearty, hybrid;
- Abendglocken, Abendglyut;
- Bressigam White and Ballawley;
- Baby Doll, Glockkenturm;
- Silberlicht, Morgenroth;
- Sannigdale, Sansheid;
- Shneekenigin, Frau Hall;
- hissar, ciliated;
- Sweeps, Pacific;
- Ugamic and Schmidt.