With the onset of autumn, many of us do not want to leave the cottage, because it is not only interesting to grow crops on our own site, but also useful from the purity and environmental friendliness of the product. On this occasion, today we decided to talk about how to create a winter greenhouse with our own hands.
A similar topic was raised by us earlier when we studied the construction of a thermos greenhouse. This is an expensive building that requires a lot of effort, time and knowledge, but can bring many benefits to the plants that you want to grow in winter. The bad thing is that not all of us can afford the construction of such a structure, and it is necessary to build it in the summer, so that everything can be organized correctly before the fall. But what if the desire to build a greenhouse for the winter season came now when the street is not very warm and there is less and less time for such a building? How to get the job done quickly and for little money in order to have fresh greens all winter long, and maybe even vegetable crops? We will not say that it is simple and generally cheap, but there is a way to significantly reduce costs, if, of course, you can stabilize your own queries a little.
Choose the type of winter greenhouse
First of all, we need to determine the parameters of the greenhouse construction, which we will build on the summer cottage.
We determine the internal arrangement of the structure depending on the crops that we will grow inside, because in the closed ground you can always plant not only vegetables, herbs, mushrooms and flowers, but even some exotic plants. It is certainly worth understanding here that costs will increase with every serious demand.
The location of the structure in relation to the ground level
Any heated greenhouse can be built like a thermos and deepened into the ground, or installed on the surface of the ground, and can be equipped already in the finished room, for example, in the utility room, in the garage, and so on.
A huge number of options for greenhouses can lead to some shock, because today you can build arched, horizontal, single or gable structures, build combined buildings or buy finished products that will only need to be installed and so on.
We build a polycarbonate greenhouse with our own hands
It is possible to conditionally divide all such structures into polycarbonate, glazed, wooden, brick, metal with a covering and others.
Building heating and lighting
Be sure to determine the greenhouse equipment, which will act as the main assistant in the cold and cloudy season. We choose high-quality heating, as well as practical lighting facilities.
Greenhouses according to the method of planting and growing crops
Also, even before the start of construction, you need to determine exactly how you will grow plants in closed ground. They can be planted on beds or in special containers that can be conveniently placed on shelves.
Choosing a place for the greenhouse for the winter season
When installing a greenhouse, the main thing to understand is that it should receive an absolute maximum of sunlight, which means that the structure is better oriented along the length, from east to west. In addition, it is necessary to install the structure in a more or less quiet place so that strong gusts of wind do not cool the structure. Also, try to arrange the greenhouse conveniently for yourself, so that both construction and maintenance are comfortable. Do not forget about affordable and wide entry.
Having correctly determined the location and type of the greenhouse structure, its purpose and internal equipment, you can safely proceed to construction.
We build a winter greenhouse on our own
It is possible to build a building of this kind in a short time and inexpensively, but if you are in a hurry, since autumn comes with heels of cold, several assistants should be involved in the work to build the structure, sheathe it and tighten it, and also put it into operation as quickly as possible. Today we will explain to you how to do this fairly quickly and very correctly, naturally, taking into account all the requirements of a low budget.
Immediately we would like to choose the type of greenhouse and determine from which materials we will build it. In addition, determine the location and internal equipment. But we will do this consistently.
So, our construction will be installed on the side of the outbuilding, that is, the adjacent winter greenhouse with a direction from west to east. We decided to do this for many reasons - aesthetically pleasing, saving money on the construction (since one wall already exists) and saving space on the site, since two different structures will be adjacent to each other.
As the materials of the construction, we chose a brick for the foundation, a profile pipe or a wooden bar for the frame and polycarbonate for covering. Of course, many people think that these are expensive materials, but believe me, it’s better to build a similar greenhouse for the winter, for 10 years, or even more than a structure made of rail and film, since this is a standard summer greenhouse, which will serve many times during the winter less.
Building a foundation
We decided to do something like a thermos, but not to deepen the greenhouse, but just raise the base slightly.
So, we set the foundation, the standard tape, to a depth of 50 cm, a width of 30-40 cm and around the perimeter. It is advisable to choose more or less warm and sunny days for pouring, fill in a sand cushion, you can also gravel, install the formwork and pour the cement mortar in shape, laying its direction with reinforcement. You will not have to bandage anything especially, since the weight on the foundation will be small, and we are sure that nothing will happen to it even after many years.
The foundation should be at least 5-7 days old, wetted with water on hot days. In addition, be sure to equip the waterproofing, especially in the place where the foundation will be adjacent to the base.
We build a basement, the walls of the greenhouse
The construction of the basement is one of the main processes that should be paid attention to. It is advisable to lift it from a new brick, but if we save, then a normal used brick will also work. We raise the walls by about 100 cm, this is the most successful height in our business. We build the external walls in half brick, but if possible, then in brick. The wall that will be adjacent to the structure must also be raised with a brick, because here we also need a base for the frame, and inside the greenhouse a brick can serve as a convenient ledge for the production of shelves, levels, and so on. Be sure to include in the work plan and the construction of the vestibule, which is necessary to maintain heat in the greenhouse and to store tools, soil mixtures, fertilizers and so on. That is, we should get a basement and walls, which from above will resemble a two-room premise with one passage room. First, a small vestibule, at least 100-150 cm in length to the next room, and then, after the next door, the greenhouse itself.
It is very advisable to install special mounts under the frame around the perimeter in the walls. For example, it can be reinforcement, which will make a serious dressing of the wall with the frame, or just a metal corner, which will come out of the brick every 50-70 cm. Believe me, installing the frame on ready-made mounts will be much easier than without them.
Winter greenhouse frame
We have talked many times about the most diverse frames, but today we want to choose a wooden beam. It will be cheaper than a profile pipe, it will serve you well for several decades, it is mounted very quickly, which is what we need.
A wooden beam is installed around the perimeter of the erected wall a few days after its construction. The beam is fixed to anchors, dowels or special metal fasteners using the corner that we removed from the wall.
The frame is mounted around the perimeter of the future greenhouse, along all walls, then a special supporting structure is installed along the wall of the building, to which the new building adjoins, and a skeleton is installed. The created frame must be strong and practical, have a reliable bond with all adjacent surfaces, as well as good stability. In addition, the frame under the roof should be installed at the right angle, say, 25-30 degrees to the horizon.
After installation, the frame should be treated with special tools, which you can read more about in the material on protecting wood in the country.
Covering the frame with polycarbonate
The principle of action can be seen in the material in which we described the construction of a polycarbonate greenhouse. Here you will have absolutely no differences, except for the correct arrangement of polycarbonate and its adjoining to the wall of the structure, next to which there is a greenhouse.
Further, everything is exactly according to the algorithm and the technology for working with polycarbonate - precise cutting, accurate installation, installation on special fasteners, sealing joints.
Do not forget to think about high-quality ventilation in the greenhouse, install, for example, vents around the perimeter.
The greenhouse for the winter, which we build ourselves, must be airtight, because cold drafts will quickly change the temperature in the negative direction, which is very bad. Therefore, mounting foam and sealants to help you.
The tightness of the greenhouse is necessary not only to maintain heat, but also to properly adjust the temperature inside, which only you can influence, but not the cold outside.
Having built the greenhouse, making it airtight, installing window panes and doors to the main building and the transition between the vestibule and the greenhouse, we need to proceed to the proper arrangement, because if the building is ready, it needs to be put into operation faster.
We plant in the greenhouse the necessary communications, electricity and water. We distribute the exits for lighting, install shutoff valves for water supply.
We select luminaires with the help of articles on the site, because we also talked about this, but we choose not just for lighting, but also strictly according to the characteristics of the plants you will focus on.
We simply install the water supply into the room, but if possible, we are preparing to install drip irrigation, because standard wiring can be done quickly and inexpensively.
We choose the type of plant growing - on the beds or special racks, and prepare a greenhouse for this type. We fill the soil, prepare substrates, fertilizers, special additives. We install lighting exactly where it is needed, we bring water. In principle, the small thing is to install heating and start growing plants.
DIY greenhouse heating
Today it is difficult to choose heating for the winter greenhouse design only because there are many special plants for such a process, and most of them are quite expensive. We offer the most practical option - choose infrared heaters, install them according to all requirements, but lay the soil for growing plants with biofuel, which will warm it throughout almost the entire winter, and even feed it with the necessary components. This can be horse manure, which within 80 days produces a temperature when decomposed at 33-38 ° C, overripe bark, which produces a temperature of 22-25 ° C for about 110 days, and cow manure - 20 ° C about 100 days.
In order for biofuel to burn out and set off a temperature for heating, it is necessary to lay it directly under the soil layer, constantly maintain its aeration, as well as humidity in the greenhouse, which should be stably kept at about 70%.
Greenhouse for the winter: economy option
We built the foundation and frame, sheathed the structure and made it airtight, brought in water, light, installed heating and added some tricks with biofuels, laid the soil, processed it and are ready to grow various crops in winter. Naturally, even such an option will cost a pretty penny, and therefore we recommend that you study the video about building a winter greenhouse with your own hands, which we showed above, more carefully. Perhaps you will be satisfied with the option of a wooden structure with a covering in several layers of polyethylene.
Winter greenhouse at the cottage (20 photos)